La Casa de Bernarda Alba
The original text
Lorca described the play in its subtitle as a drama of women in the villages of Spain. The House of Bernarda Alba was Lorca's last play, completed on 19 June 1936, two months before his death during the Spanish Civil War. The play was first performed on 8 March 1945 at the Avenida Theatre in Buenos Aires.
Translations and adaptations
Translated into English as The House of Bernarda Alba by James Graham-Lujan and Richard L. O'Connell. Published by New Directions, 1955.
Performance history in South Africa
1951: Staged in June for the University of Cape Town Drama Department in the Little Theatre, directed by Leonard Schach, featuring Edna Jacobson, Lydia Lindeque (as guest artist from the National Theatre), June Range, Irma Kushlick, Dorothy Nettleford, Edna Jacobson, Margaret Baxter, Connie Dix-Hart and Hazel Casson. Decor by Cecil Pym.
1961: The Englih translation was staged by the University of Natal, Department of Speech and Drama in the Howard College Theatre in September, directed by Pamela Robertson, featuring Gwenllian Edwardes-Evans (Bernarda), Renee Jacobsz (Maria Josefa), Diana Gay (Angustias), Jenifer Walter (Magdalena), Winifred Hagemann (Amelia), Denise Mockler (Martirio), Alexandra Watson (Adela), Colleen Moffett (Poncia), Jane Schoeman (Helena), Petra Backeberg (Prudencia) and Bruce Piper (Beggarman).
1962: Presented by University Theatre Stellenbosch, produced by Jo Gevers who also designed the decor. The cast were Gertie Smith-Visser (Bernarda), Carmen Haddad, Annatjie Vorster, Louise Saayman, Ilse Geyer, Antoinette Terblanche, Leslie Young, Lena Eksteen, Estelle Knobel, Christine Basson and others. Lighting by Emile Aucamp, costumes designed by Marie Pentz.
1973: Krige's Afrikaans translation, Die Huis van Bernarda Alba was staged by the Universiteitsteater Stellenbosch in the H.B. Thom Theatre in May, directed by Ria Olivier, featuring Antoinette Kellermann as Bernarda Alba, Sybil Coetzee, Tessa Cowan, Lize Treurnicht, Lois Malan and others. Decor and costumes designed by Neels Hansen, lighting by Emile Aucamp.
1973: Krige's Afrikaans translation, Die Huis van Bernarda Alba was staged by the University of Pretoria Drama Department in September, directed by Fred Steyn, featuring Tersie Pauw (Bernarda), Marianne Bornman (Maria Josefa), Santa Venter (Angustias), Antonia Ockerse (Magdalena), Elize Lizamore (Amelia), Celeste de Wet (Martirio), Hildegard Fobian (Adela), Amanda van Zyl (Poncia), Lettie Fick & Phyllis Dannhauser (Bediende), Hermien du Plessis & Anne-Marie Venter (Prudencia), Liana Bornman (Bedelares) and Leelette Holloway (Dogtertjie).
1978: Presented in English by the University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, as their entry to the S.A. University Drama Festival at the Sharp Festival of the Arts, Grahamstown. Directed by Graham Hopkins, starring Penny Morrell, Jane Voss, Liz Nangle, Barbie Schreiner, Jenny Andrew, Bronwyn Hamlyn, Evelyn Davidson, Anne Gilmaster, Jill Chaloner and Di Drust. Music composed by Jeremy Crutchley.
1989: Krige's Afrikaans translation, Die Huis van Bernarda Alba was staged by the University of Pretoria Drama Department in May, directed by Carel Trichardt, featuring Esther Nel (Bernarda), Hanli Buber (Maria Josefa), Riana van Vollenhoven (Angustias), Chantell Stander (Magdalena), Leonora de Souza (Amelia), Sorina Austin (Martirio), Helene Lombard (Adela), Ingrid Linde (Poncia), Anita van Vuuren (Bediende), Melinda Janse van Rensburg (Prudencia), Jean Beinlich (Bedelares) and Petro-Nelise Trichardt (Dogtertjie).
2003: The English translation was staged at the Market Theatre in July, adapted by Rona Munro and directed by Swedish director Maria Weisby, with Lindiwe Ndlovu (Bernarda), Nthabiseng Baloyi (Angustias), Phindile Ntuli (Adela), Nomathamsanga Baleka (a magogo), Takalani Phophi (Martirio), Lerato Maku (Magdalena) and Ntombi Maqalika (Amelia). Set designed by Nadya Cohen, costumes by Margo Fleisch and lighting by Nomvula Molepo.
2012: The Luwes adaptation Die Huis van Maria Malan was staged in March in the Wynand Mouton Theatre, Bloemfontein, directed by Nico Luwes with students of the UFS Department of Drama and Theatre Arts.
University of Natal, Department of Speech and Drama theatre programme, 1961.
University of Pretoria Drama Department theatre programme, 1973.
Inskip, 1972. p.154.
Inskip, 1977. p.118.
Sunday Independent, 13 July 2003.
The Star, 15 July 2003.
The Citizen, 15 July 2003.
UTS theatre pamphlet, 2005.
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