Difference between revisions of "Antigone (by Sophocles)"

From ESAT
Jump to navigation Jump to search
 
(75 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
'''''Antigone''''' [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antigone_%28Sophocles%29] is a tragedy by [[Sophocles]] written in or before 441 BC. It is pne of the most celebrated and utilized political protest plays in the world canon, with its theme of resistance to oppression and unjust laws in the face of conflicting social and familial values.
+
''[[Antigone]]'' is a tragedy by [[Sophocles]] (c. 497/6–406/5 BC)[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophocles]
  
See: '''Antigone'''.
 
  
 
== The original text ==
 
== The original text ==
  
==Translations and adaptations==
+
 
 +
Written in or before 441 BC, it is one of the most celebrated and utilized political protest plays in the world canon, with its theme of resistance to oppression and unjust laws in the face of conflicting social and familial values.
 +
 
 +
Chronologically it is the third of Sophocles's three [[Theban Plays]], but was the first written. The play expands on the Theban legend, beginning where Aeschylus' ''[[Seven Against Thebes]]'' ends.
 +
 
 +
See also the general entry on [[Antigone]].
 +
 
 +
==South African translations and adaptations==
 +
 
 +
1946: Translated into [[Afrikaans]] by [[T.J. Haarhoff]], published in ''Die Antieke Drama. 1. Tragedie'' by [[Afrikaanse Pers-Boekhandel]] (1946).
 +
 
 +
1961: Translated into [[Afrikaans]] by [[J.P.J. van Rensburg]], published by [[Human & Rousseau]] in .
 +
 
 +
1973: A dramatised "performance" of excerpts from the [[Sophocles]] play forms the core of ''[[The Island]]'', a workshopped play by [[Athol Fugard]], [[John Kani]] and [[Winston Ntshona]].
 +
 
 +
1975: Translated into [[Afrikaans]] by [[Theo Wassenaar]].
 +
 
 +
1985: Adapted by [[Jannie Gildenhuys]] for an [[Afrikaans]] production staged in 1985.
 +
 
 +
1988: A [[Zulu]] adaptation called ''[[Igazi Lam]]'' ("My Blood") sets the action in a hypothetical post civil war South Africa. Written by [[Peter Se-Puma]] and was first performed at the [[Market Theatre]].
 +
 
 +
2004: Adapted by [[Sean Mathias]] and [[Myer Taub]] for an African context for a production staged at the [[Grahamstown Festival]] in July, 2004.
 +
 
 +
2015: Adapted as ''[[Antigone|#Antigone]]'', a multimedia version set in 21st century world TV and the internet, by [[Wendy Watson]] and [[Kenlynn Sutherland]].
  
 
== Performance history in South Africa ==
 
== Performance history in South Africa ==
  
 +
In South African productions of the play ''Antigone'' it is often not clear from the available documents which version was used, particularly in the adaptations (see the list under [[Antigone]]). If there is any uncertainty, these productions are listed here, under the [[Sophocles]] version.
 +
 +
18**: First produced in South Africa by *** in 18**.
 +
 +
18**: Also done by the students of the [[Hugenote Gedenkschool]] in Wellington, directed by [[I.M.E. Fremantle]].
 +
 +
1953: The [[T.J. Haarhoff|Haarhoff]] [[Afrikaans]] translation was first performed by [[National Theatre Organisation]], directed by [[J. Nel van der Merwe]], with [[Anna Neethling-Pohl]].
  
 +
1961: The [[J.P.J. van Rensburg|Van Rensburg]] [[Afrikaans]] translation was staged by the [[University of Stellenbosch Drama Department]] at Rhenish Girl's High School in Stellenbosch as part of the Arts Festival Stellenbosch. The production was directed by [[Fred Engelen]] and the cast included [[Tine Balder]] (Antigone), [[Katinka Botha]] (Ismene), [[Laurie van der Merwe]] (Kreon), [[Marguerite de Villiers]] (Euridike), [[Ernst Eloff]] (Haimon), [[Fred le Roux]] (Teiresias), [[Franz Marx|Frans Marx]] (Wagter), [[Emile Aucamp]] (Bode) and [[Jean Marquard]] (Dienares). Decor by [[Emile Aucamp]] and costumes by [[Esther van Ryswyk]]. This production was also staged at the [[Little Theatre]] in Cape Town in July.
  
 +
1962/3? A production of the whole [[Antigone]] cycle, referred to as ''[[Die Antigone Siklus]]'', was performed by [[UTS]] ([[Universiteitsteater Stellenbosch]]) with professional actors and students, including  [[Annatjie Vorster]] [[Lydia Theron]], [[Louw Verwey]], [[Frans Marx]] and [[Christine Basson]].   
  
 +
1963: The [[J.P.J. van Rensburg|Van Rensburg]] [[Afrikaans]] translation was staged by the Durban Teachers College, directed by [[John van Biljon]], with a cast including [[Joey de Koker]] (Antigone) and [[Brandt van Aardt]] (Kreon).
  
(See also Antigone by Sophocles below. It is often not clear from the available documents which version was used, particularly in the adaptations. If there is any uncertainty, they are listed under the Sophocles version.) Antigone by Sophokles.  
+
1965: Performed by the [[Serpent Players]], produced and directed by [[Athol Fugard]], with a cast that included  [[John Kani]] and [[Winston Ntshona]]. It was utilized as a vehicle for political commentary by the group.  
  
 +
1970: The Watling English translation was staged by [[PACT]], directed by [[Carel Trichardt]], with [[Lynette Marais]] (Antigone), [[Marie Koeleman]] (Ismene), [[Raymond Davies]] (Creon), [[Paul Eilers]] (Haemon), [[Nigel Vermaas]] (Tiresias), [[Francois Stemmet]] (Sentry), [[Frantz Dubrowsky]] (Aide), [[Janice Honeyman]] (Eurydice) and others. Decor was designed by [[Raimond Schoop]] and costumes by [[Patricia Slavin]].
  
 +
1973: Performed in adapted and summarized form as a play within a play in Fugard, Kani and Nthona's ''[[The Island]]''.
  
 +
1974: Staged by [[The Company]], directed by [[Barney Simon]] at the [[Blue Fox]]).
  
 +
1981: [[Typro]], an amateur group from Tygerberg near Cape Town, performed a Cape version at the [[Joseph Stone Auditorium]].
  
 +
1985: The [[Afrikaans]] text adapted by [[Jannie Gildenhuys]] was staged by [[CAPAB]] in [[The Arena]] in the [[Nico Malan Theatre Complex]] in Cape Town, opening on 12 October, directed by Gildenhuys, with [[Marthinus Basson]], [[Gary Carter]], [[Neels Coetzee]], [[Libby Daniels]], [[Mary Dreyer]], [[Margaretha Fischer]], [[Mark Graham]], [[Antoinette Kellermann]], [[Belinda Koning]], [[André Roothman]] and [[Francois Viljoen]]. Design by [[Jenny de Swardt]], lighting by [[Malcolm Hurrell]].
  
''Antigone'', by [[Sophocles]]. (Written c. 442 BC) One of the most celebrated and utilized political protest plays in the world canon, with its theme of resistance to oppression and unjust laws in the face of conflicting social and familial values.  
+
1988: ''[[Igazi Lam]]'' ("My Blood") the [[Zulu]] adaptation by [[Peter Se-Puma]] was staged at the [[Market Theatre]].
  
 +
2004: The Mathias/Taub adaptation was staged at the [[Baxter Theatre]] following its run at the [[National Arts Festival]], directed by [[Sean Mathias]], with [[John Kani]], [[Hanlé Barnard]], [[Vaneshran Arumugam]], [[Maurice Podbrey]], [[Terry Norton]] and British actor [[Ian McKellen]][https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ian_McKellen], among others.
  
 +
2015: A  multimedia adaptation entitled ''[[Antigone|#Antigone]]'', was performed with students of [[Durban Girls College]], on May 11 to 14. Adapted and directed by [[Wendy Watson]] and [[Kenlynn Sutherland]],  with a large cast including [[Arabella Latham]] as Antigone, [[Casey Milledge]] as Creon, [[Kae Cele]] as the Sentry.
  
 +
== Sources ==
  
 +
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antigone_%28Sophocles%29
  
First produced in South Africa by ** in 18*?. Also done by the students of the [[Hugenote Gedenkschool]] in Wellington, directed by [[I.M.E. Fremantle]], *, * . Other productions include **, **, [[Baxter Theatre]] (adapted by [[Sean Mathias]] and [[Myer Taub]], dir [[Sean Mathias]], with [[John Kani]] and [[Hanlé Barnard]], 2004).  Utilized as a vehicle for political commentry by the [[Serpent Players]] (1965, directed by *?* i.a. with [[John Kani]] and [[Winston Ntshona]]) and by [[The Company]] (dir [[Barney Simon]] at the [[Blue Fox]]) in 1974.  
+
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophocles
  
Translated into Afrikaans by [[T.J. Haarhoff]] (published in ''Die Antieke Drama. 1. Tragedie'' by Afrikaanse Pers, 1946) and first performed in the 1950s, directed by [[J. Nel van der Merwe]], with [[Anna Neethling-Pohl]]. Another translation into Afrikaans was done by [[J.P.J. van Rensburg]], published by Human & Rousseau in 1961. This version was presented by [[Universiteitsteater Stellenbosch]] in 1961.
+
[[PACT]] theatre programme (undated)
  
Antigone by Sophocles, Afrikaans text by [[Jannie Gildenhuys]], directed by him for [[CAPAB]] at the Nico Arena, opening 12 October 1985. Design by [[Jenny de Swardt]], lighting by [[Malcolm Hurrell]]. The cast: [[Marthinus Basson]], [[Gary Carter]], [[Neels Coetzee]], [[Libby Daniels]], [[Mary Dreyer]], [[Margaretha Fischer]], [[Mark Graham]], [[Antoinette Kellermann]], [[Belinda Koning]], [[André Roothman]], [[Francois Viljoen]].
+
Arts Festival Stellenbosch programme, 1961.
  
An adapted (Zulu?**) version was done by [[Peter sePuma]] in 1988 (entitled Igazi Lam = “My blood”). A dramatised “performance” of the play was to form the core [[Athol Fugard]], [[John Kani]] and [[Winston Ntshona]]'s collaborative work ''[[The Island]]''. (See Antigone by Jean Anouilh above and ''[[Antigone ’71]]'' below– for often it is not clear from the available documents which version was used, particularly in the adaptations.). [[Typro]], an amateur group from [[Tygerberg]], did a Cape version of it at the [[Joseph Stone Auditorium]] in 1981.
+
[[ESAT Bibliography I|Inskip]], 1972. p. 147.
  
 +
[[Petru Wessels|Petru]] & [[Carel Trichardt]] theatre programme collection.
  
== Sources ==
+
''[[Cape Times]]'', 12 July 2004.
  
 +
http://variety.com/2004/legit/news/mathias-kani-prep-antigone-for-fest-1117905722/
  
 +
[[Keith Millar]], 2015. "Durban Girls College nails ''Antigone''", ''ArtSMart'', 05/15/2015
  
 
Go to [[ESAT Bibliography]]
 
Go to [[ESAT Bibliography]]

Latest revision as of 16:22, 18 September 2021

Antigone is a tragedy by Sophocles (c. 497/6–406/5 BC)[1]


The original text

Written in or before 441 BC, it is one of the most celebrated and utilized political protest plays in the world canon, with its theme of resistance to oppression and unjust laws in the face of conflicting social and familial values.

Chronologically it is the third of Sophocles's three Theban Plays, but was the first written. The play expands on the Theban legend, beginning where Aeschylus' Seven Against Thebes ends.

See also the general entry on Antigone.

South African translations and adaptations

1946: Translated into Afrikaans by T.J. Haarhoff, published in Die Antieke Drama. 1. Tragedie by Afrikaanse Pers-Boekhandel (1946).

1961: Translated into Afrikaans by J.P.J. van Rensburg, published by Human & Rousseau in .

1973: A dramatised "performance" of excerpts from the Sophocles play forms the core of The Island, a workshopped play by Athol Fugard, John Kani and Winston Ntshona.

1975: Translated into Afrikaans by Theo Wassenaar.

1985: Adapted by Jannie Gildenhuys for an Afrikaans production staged in 1985.

1988: A Zulu adaptation called Igazi Lam ("My Blood") sets the action in a hypothetical post civil war South Africa. Written by Peter Se-Puma and was first performed at the Market Theatre.

2004: Adapted by Sean Mathias and Myer Taub for an African context for a production staged at the Grahamstown Festival in July, 2004.

2015: Adapted as #Antigone, a multimedia version set in 21st century world TV and the internet, by Wendy Watson and Kenlynn Sutherland.

Performance history in South Africa

In South African productions of the play Antigone it is often not clear from the available documents which version was used, particularly in the adaptations (see the list under Antigone). If there is any uncertainty, these productions are listed here, under the Sophocles version.

18**: First produced in South Africa by *** in 18**.

18**: Also done by the students of the Hugenote Gedenkschool in Wellington, directed by I.M.E. Fremantle.

1953: The Haarhoff Afrikaans translation was first performed by National Theatre Organisation, directed by J. Nel van der Merwe, with Anna Neethling-Pohl.

1961: The Van Rensburg Afrikaans translation was staged by the University of Stellenbosch Drama Department at Rhenish Girl's High School in Stellenbosch as part of the Arts Festival Stellenbosch. The production was directed by Fred Engelen and the cast included Tine Balder (Antigone), Katinka Botha (Ismene), Laurie van der Merwe (Kreon), Marguerite de Villiers (Euridike), Ernst Eloff (Haimon), Fred le Roux (Teiresias), Frans Marx (Wagter), Emile Aucamp (Bode) and Jean Marquard (Dienares). Decor by Emile Aucamp and costumes by Esther van Ryswyk. This production was also staged at the Little Theatre in Cape Town in July.

1962/3? A production of the whole Antigone cycle, referred to as Die Antigone Siklus, was performed by UTS (Universiteitsteater Stellenbosch) with professional actors and students, including Annatjie Vorster Lydia Theron, Louw Verwey, Frans Marx and Christine Basson.

1963: The Van Rensburg Afrikaans translation was staged by the Durban Teachers College, directed by John van Biljon, with a cast including Joey de Koker (Antigone) and Brandt van Aardt (Kreon).

1965: Performed by the Serpent Players, produced and directed by Athol Fugard, with a cast that included John Kani and Winston Ntshona. It was utilized as a vehicle for political commentary by the group.

1970: The Watling English translation was staged by PACT, directed by Carel Trichardt, with Lynette Marais (Antigone), Marie Koeleman (Ismene), Raymond Davies (Creon), Paul Eilers (Haemon), Nigel Vermaas (Tiresias), Francois Stemmet (Sentry), Frantz Dubrowsky (Aide), Janice Honeyman (Eurydice) and others. Decor was designed by Raimond Schoop and costumes by Patricia Slavin.

1973: Performed in adapted and summarized form as a play within a play in Fugard, Kani and Nthona's The Island.

1974: Staged by The Company, directed by Barney Simon at the Blue Fox).

1981: Typro, an amateur group from Tygerberg near Cape Town, performed a Cape version at the Joseph Stone Auditorium.

1985: The Afrikaans text adapted by Jannie Gildenhuys was staged by CAPAB in The Arena in the Nico Malan Theatre Complex in Cape Town, opening on 12 October, directed by Gildenhuys, with Marthinus Basson, Gary Carter, Neels Coetzee, Libby Daniels, Mary Dreyer, Margaretha Fischer, Mark Graham, Antoinette Kellermann, Belinda Koning, André Roothman and Francois Viljoen. Design by Jenny de Swardt, lighting by Malcolm Hurrell.

1988: Igazi Lam ("My Blood") the Zulu adaptation by Peter Se-Puma was staged at the Market Theatre.

2004: The Mathias/Taub adaptation was staged at the Baxter Theatre following its run at the National Arts Festival, directed by Sean Mathias, with John Kani, Hanlé Barnard, Vaneshran Arumugam, Maurice Podbrey, Terry Norton and British actor Ian McKellen[2], among others.

2015: A multimedia adaptation entitled #Antigone, was performed with students of Durban Girls College, on May 11 to 14. Adapted and directed by Wendy Watson and Kenlynn Sutherland, with a large cast including Arabella Latham as Antigone, Casey Milledge as Creon, Kae Cele as the Sentry.

Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antigone_%28Sophocles%29

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sophocles

PACT theatre programme (undated)

Arts Festival Stellenbosch programme, 1961.

Inskip, 1972. p. 147.

Petru & Carel Trichardt theatre programme collection.

Cape Times, 12 July 2004.

http://variety.com/2004/legit/news/mathias-kani-prep-antigone-for-fest-1117905722/

Keith Millar, 2015. "Durban Girls College nails Antigone", ArtSMart, 05/15/2015

Go to ESAT Bibliography

Return to

Return to PLAYS I: Original SA plays

Return to PLAYS II: Foreign plays

Return to PLAYS III: Collections

Return to PLAYS IV: Pageants and public performances

Return to South African Festivals and Competitions

Return to The ESAT Entries

Return to Main Page