Antigone (by Jean Anouilh)
See also the general entry on Antigone.
The original text
It was first performed in Paris at the Théâtre de l'Atelier on February 6, 1944, during the Nazi occupation. It had its British première by the Old Vic Theatre Company at the New Theatre, London, on 10 February 1949.
Translations and adaptations
First adapted and translated into English by Lewis Galantiére (1893-1977) and published by Random House in 1946.
Performance history in South Africa
1952: Performed by The Company of Four in the Eastern Province Society of Arts and Crafts' Arts Hall, Port Elizabeth, from June 16 - 21. Produced by Will Jamieson, with Maurice Weightman, Molly Kauffman, Phyllis Taylor, Joyce Scotcher, Rollo Johnson, Will Jamieson, Rupert Bellairs, Ronald Walland, Robin Parker, Douglas Sibbald, John Traylor and B Sismey. Lighting was by H Alyn Lane and R Parker and W Bruhuber were the stage directors.
1953: The Lewis Galantiére English translation was staged by the National Theatre Organisation in the University Theatre from 11 to 30 August, directed by Leonard Schach, with Edna Jacobson (Antigone), Robert Lang (Chorus), Molly Seftel (Nurse), Roma Reilly (Ismene), Louis van Eyssen (Haemon), Frank Wise (Creon), Michael Perry (1st Guard) and Barry Lategan (2nd Guard). Decor by Kobus Esterhuysen and costumes by Leonard Schach.
1965: The Afrikaans translation by De Bruyn and Engelen, staged by the Universiteitsteater Stellenbosch, opened in the Proefteater in Andringa Street on 1 May 1965. It was the last production in the old Proefteater before the building was demolished to make space for the new Drama Department building and the H.B. Thom Theatre built in 1966. The cast were: Isabel Combrink (Antigone), Fred Engelen (Kreon), Henk Hugo (Haimon), Thea Kirstein (Ismene), Annette Faure (Eurydike), Marie van Heerden (Noenoe), Deon Joubert (Wag 1), Pieter de Swardt (Wag 2), Etienne Pienaar (Wag 3), Mees Xteen (Boodskapper), Willem de la Querra (Hofknaap) and Joan Greyvenstein (die Koor). The décor was designed by Deon Joubert and executed by Willem de la Querra, costumes by Elise Ziervogel, make-up designed by Tine Balder, music by Bie Engelen, sound controlled by Mees Xteen, lighting designed by Fred Engelen and executed by Val Julius and the stage manager was Bettina Camerer. The production was staged for one night, on 15 May, in the Nasionale Saal in Parow, Cape Town and in September 1965 CAPAB staged the same production in the Hofmeyr Theatre in Cape Town.
1969: The English translation by Galantiere, staged by CAPAB Theatre in the Round, opened on 17 March, directed by John Ramsbottom and Peter Curtis. The cast included Lyn Hooker (Antigone), Pietro Nolte, (King Creon), John Ramsbottom, Brigid Reynolds, David Sharp, Joyce Bradley (The Nurse), Alan Prior (First Guard), David Salton, Roy Nieman and Gordon Sara. Staged at the Gelvandale Community Centre, Port Elizabeth, on June 4, 1969, for the "Coloured" community and the Leo Baeck Hall, Port Elizabeth, for the White community, from 5-7 June.
197*: Staged by the Soweto Ensemble (**).
1975: Staged by The Company, directed by Barney Simon, with Carel Trichardt (Creon), Aletta Bezuidenhout (Antigone), Vanessa Cooke (Ismene), Michael Richard (Haemon), Michele Maxwell (Tiresias), Danny Keogh (Sentry), Sue Kiel (Euridice), Beverley Melnick (Woman). Colin Shamley, Anthony Flesch, Beverley Melnick and Michele Maxwell were the minstrel, the chorus and the musicians. Costumes by Katie Saunders and sets by Danny Keogh, David Eppel, Paul Slabolepszy and Deon Stewardson.
1976: Themi Venturas produced the Port Elizabeth Shakespearean Festival Young 'uns version of Antigone at the Port Elizabeth Opera House on April 16 & 17, 1976. Cast: Antonio de Gouveia (0razio, the hall porter), Peter Israel (The Engineer), Ian Liston (Amos, the commissar), Themi Venturas (Raim), Carol-Anne Kelleher (Argia), Bernadette Johnson (Elisabetta, the queen), David Preston (Biante, the general), William O'Driscoll (Maupa, his guard), Angela Davidson (peasant woman), Peter Alexandris (Peasant), Gwilym Wilkins (Young peasant boy), Patrick Scott, Anthony Mundell, William Rijs, Saki Zenios (Four travellers), Rosemary Welsh, Debbie Pienaar, Maureen Assheton-Smith, Hilton Gowar (Peasants), Aleco Kalimeris, William Rijs (Two soldiers).
UTS theatre programme, May 1965.
CAPAB theatre programme, 1965.
Teater SA, 1(4), 1969.
Helikon, 1(6):66-67. 1952.
The Company theatre programme, 1975.
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