See also Breathing In
The original text
A pacifist play set in the final years of the Anglo-Boer War and relating the story of Martha, a woman finding her own inner strength with the aid of a mystical young herbalist, while seeking to avenge herself on her dying husband, the patriarchal General, whom she holds responsible for the death by suffocation of her son, whom he had sent to the battle front.
Translations and adaptations
In 2004 De Wet re-wrote the play as Breathing In, a more Gothic tale and refocusing the issues of the play on the notion that the "final breath" of a dying person could be life-giving. Using very much the same situation, she retains the General, but combines the Martha character with that of the mysterious healer, to create a kind of "Mother Courage" character, who, while acting as healer, simultaneously scavenges on the battlefield, to the extent of using her beautiful young daughter to seduce young soldiers and robbing them of their "dying breath" to keep her daughter alive.
Performance history of Nag, Generaal in South Africa
1988: Directed by Lucille Gillwald in 1988 for the Market Theatre Company with Sandra Prinsloo (Magda), Gys de Villiers (Generaal), Dawid Minnaar (Naas), André Stolz (Lombaard) at the Rhodes Theatre, Grahamstown Festival followed by a run at Upstairs at the Market. Design by Nadya Cohen, lighting by Wesley France.
1991: Directed by Ernst Eloff for PACOFS at the André Huguenet Theatre, Bloemfontein, opening 15 August 1991. The cast members were Christo Compion (Generaal), Isadora Verwey (Magda), Pieter Brand (Naas) and Hendrik Baird (Lombaard). Design Johnny Boerstoel, lighting Dulcie Holtzhausen, musical arrangement Heidi Edeling.
1996: Scenes from the play were performed by seven final year University of Stellenbosch drama students in the Kellerteater at the University, directed by lecturer Shirley Johnston, with a cast including Paul du Toit, Angerie van Wyk, Martelize Kolver, Leanna Dreyer, Nicole Holm , Amelda Brand and Nico Dreyer. Set design and lighting by Kobus Rossouw. In a rare exchange, the production was also performed for and debated by the UCT drama staff and students, in the Drama Department of the University of Cape Town.
National Arts Festival programme 1988. 42.
Evening Post, 4 July 1988;
Business Day 22 July 1988.
PACOFS News, 17(3), 1991.
Nag, Generaal theatre programme, 1991.
Shirley Johnston 2018. "Drifte": Discovering the Secrets of Reza de Wet's Heart. Unpublished manuscript of a contribution to a commemorative collection for De Wet.
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