The original text
The Italian libretto was largely written by Salvadore Cammarano, based on the play El Trovador (1836), , a flamboyant and incident filled melodrama by Antonio García Gutiérrez (1813-1884). The opera had its premiere at the Teatro Apollo in Rome on 19 January 1853.
Translations and adaptations
Burlesque versions of Italian, French - and, later, German - operas became popular with London audiences during the second half of the 19th century. For example Verdi's Il Trovatore had its British premiere in 1855 as Ill-treated Il Trovatore by H.J. Byron (1835-1884). The text was published by T.H. Lacy in the 1850s.
A burlesque version of the opera (possibly Byron's version?) was apparently done by the Christy Minstrels (billed as Il Trovatore) in the 1860s, also performed during their South African visit in 1862.
South African performances of the Verdi opera
Perfomances of dramatic adaptations and burlesque versions in South Africa
Steven Huebner (Ed). 2017. National Traditions in Nineteenth-Century Opera, Volume I: Italy, France, England and the Americas (Volume 1), Routledge.
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