Hello and Goodbye

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Hello and Goodbye is a play by Athol Fugard.

Also written Hello & Goodbye in many cases.

The original text

A tightly wrought full-length play about the brother and sister Johnny and Hester, the “second-hand Smits of Valley Road, Port Elizabeth”, and their relationship with their mother and father. First performed in 1965 with the author in the role of "Johnny". The text was first published by A.A. Balkema in 1966. Published many times subsequently, inter alia by Samuel French (1971) and as Hello and Goodbye (Three Crowns) by Oxford University Press (in the Three Crowns series, 1973[1]). Also included in a number of collections, among them Athol Fugard: Three Port Elizabeth Plays (Oxford University Press, 1974), South African Theatre: Four Plays and an Introduction (HAUM Educational, 1984), Athol Fugard: Selected Plays (Oxford University Press, 1987).

Translations and adaptations

Translated into Afrikaans as Hallo en Koebaai by Schalk Jacobsz in 1980. (Also found as Hallo en Koebaai!, Hallo & Koebaai and Hallo & Koebaai!).

Translated into Afrikaans as Dagsê en Wederom by Driaan Engelbrecht.

Translated into Afrikaans as Hello en Koebaai by Idil Sheard.

Performance history in South Africa

1965: First produced by the Phoenix Players, directed by Barney Simon and featuring Molly Seftel (Hester) and Fugard (Johnnie), officially opening on 26 October in the Library Theatre, Johannesburg after a few multi-racial performances elsewhere. The stage manager was Mechack Mosia.

1973: Staged by PACOFS, directed by Johan Bernard, with himself as Johnnie and Trudi du Plessis as Hester.

1974: Staged by The Company at the Blue Fox in Rosebank, Johannesburg, with plans to take it to the black townships, directed by Barney Simon, with Marius Weyers and Janice Honeyman.

1974: What must rank as the definitive production, featuring Yvonne Bryceland and Bill Flynn, was directed by Athol Fugard for the The Space (Cape Town) first presented on 26 July 1974. The stage director was Gordon Sara. The production was staged at the Inaugural Festival of the 1820 Settlers National Monument in 1974. This production later went on to tour Dublin, was invited as part of the opening season at London’s Riverside Studios and both of the actors were used in the SABC-TV and BBC TV productions of the play (197* and 197*, respectively).

1976: Staged by PACOFS, directed by Johan Bernard with Marthinus Basson and Estelle de Waal.

1977: A revival directed by Fugard staged at the Arena in 1977.

1981: Performed in Afrikaans as Hallo en Koebaai! (Schalk Jacobsz translation) by Die Bywoners company Upstairs at the Market (referred to as "Opstêrs by die Markteater"), opening on 31 March. Directed by Jan Engelen with Schalk Jacobsz and Elma Potgieter .

1982: Performed in Afrikaans as Hallo en Koebaai! by Die Bywoners company for Freddie Philander-Produksies in Namibia, directed by Jan Engelen with Elma Potgieter and Schalk Jacobsz.

1985-6: Hallo en Koebaai, the translation by Schalk Jacobsz, performed in collaboration with the Alternatiewe Toneelgeselskap on the National Arts Festival Fringe (1985), presented by KRUIK Toneel at the Nico Arena in September and at the Baxter Studio (opening 20 May 1986), directed by Esther van Ryswyk starring Shaleen Surtee-Richards and Royston Stoffels.

1987: Performed in Afrikaans at the Market Theatre, directed by Esther van Ryswyk with Shaleen Surtie-Richards and Louis van Niekerk.

1994: Staged at Upstairs at the Market in 1994. Directed by Lara Foot-Newton. Cast : Lionel Newton, Dorothy Ann Gould.

1995: A student production in the H.B. Thom Theatre was directed by Mark Graham and Angerie van Wyk with Paul du Toit and **.

1997: Directed by Ilse van Hemert for A Million Freds Productions, with Jan Ellis as Johnnie and Janine Ulfane as Hester. Design by Marthinus Basson, lighting by Kobus Rossouw.

2000/2001(?): Performed in April as Hello & Goodbye at Artscape, directed by Ralph Lawson, with Nazli George as Hester and Langley Kirkwood as ""Johnny". (?)

2008: Staged by Tripletake Productions at the Tesson Theatre and Baxter Theatre, directed by Pedro Kruger and Ralph Lawson

2010: Staged by Tripletake Productions at the Grahamstown Festival in July and at the Market Theatre from 20 July to 22 August, directed by Mark Graham with Michael Maxwell and Dorothy-Ann Gould.

2010: Directed: Mark Graham. Cast: Michael Maxwell, Dorothy Ann Gould.

Performances Abroad

Often done abroad, notably in 1988 by the Royal Shakespeare Company, directed by Janice Honeyman with Antony Sher and Estelle Kohler.


Review by Oliver Walker published in The Star, 4 November 1965, held by NELM: [Collection: GLUCKMAN, Leon]: 1995. 2. 3. 1. 4. 1497.

Phoenix Players theatre pamphlet, 1966.

PACOFS theatre programme, 1973.

The Company theatre programme, 1974.

The Space theatre programme, 1974.

Astbury 1979.

Barrow, Brian & Williams-Short, Yvonne 1988.

National Arts Festival programme, 1985.

Insig September 1988.

Petru & Carel Trichardt theatre programme collection.

C. Davis, 2013. "Fugard and the Three Crowns Series" in Creating Postcolonial Literature: African Writers and British Publishers. New York: Springer.[2]

An annotated acting script of Schalk Jacobsz's Afrikaans text, found in Antoinette Kellerman's collection of texts in the Stellenbosch Drama Department archives in 2022.

Ruphin Coudyzer. 2023. Annotated list of his photographs of Market Theatre productions. (Provided by Coudyzer)

Go to ESAT Bibliography

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