The original text
Written in 1753, this three-act comedy about a coquettish inn-owner was first staged during the Carnival of Venice in January 1753, and published in Florence that same year. However the play was no great success apparently and failed completely at the Italian Theater in Paris in 1764 (as a two act piece under the title Camille, Aubergiste). However, rediscovered, it was taken on a tour of Europe by a company of Venetian actors and triumphantly revived with a Parisian production of 1830. It has since been regarded as Goldoni's masterpiece.
Translations and adaptations
Best known in South Africa as Mirandolina (after the play's main character), an English translation and adaptation by Clifford Bax  (1886-1962), but there are several other translations into English with different titles:
Another translation, also by Clifford Bax, is entitled Mine Hostess and is included in Three comedies by Carlo Goldoni, edited by Gabriele Baldini, published by Oxford University Press, 1961.
The play has also been adapted for operatic and ballet versions (inter alia by Antonio Salieri and Domenico Poggi in 1773) and films.
Performance history in South Africa
1968: Performed in Afrikaans as Moeite met die Minnaars. Directed for PACOFS by Roy Sargeant with Johan Botha, Neels Coetzee, Lynette Marais, Raymond Davies, George Barnes, Michael Lovegrove, Maryann Johnston and Estelle Davidtz. This production also toured Natal in September 1968.
Flora Ghezzo.1999 "Mirandolina, or the Mistress of the Inn" in World Literature and Its Times: Profiles of Notable Literary Works and the Historic Events That Influenced Them (The Gale Group, Inc.)
Friedrich Melchior Freiherr von Grimm, et al. Correspondance littéraire, philosophique et critique de Grimm et de Diderot, depuis 1753 jusqu'en 1790 (Vol 3 1761-1764). Paris: Furne, 1829.
World Drama by Allardyce Nicoll. Harrap, 1949: pp. 382-389.
Research material on the theatre in SA held by NELM: [Collection: FLETCHER, Jill]: 2005. 75. 19. 39
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