La Somnambule, ou L'arrivée d'un Nouveau Seigneur
La Somnambule, ou L'arrivée d'un Nouveau Seigneur is a scenario for a ballet-pantomime by Eugène Scribe (1791-1861).
The original text
Produced in Paris in 1827, choreographed by Jean-Louis Aumer (1774-1833), with music composed by Ferdinand Hérold (1791-1833), and quite popular, though the text of the scenario does not appear to have been published.
Translations and adaptations
Despite being unpublished, the Scribe work inspired a number of other theatrical works, including:
La Sonnambula ("The sleepwalker") by Vincenzo Bellini (1801-1835)
Described as an "opera semiseria" in two acts, with music in the bel canto tradition, it was composed by by Vincenzo Bellini with an Italian libretto by Felice Romani (1788-1865). A also described as a "drama with music", it premiered in Milan on 6 March 1831, in London on 28 July 1831 at the King's Theatre and at the Park Theatre in New York on 13 November 1835.
The Somnambulist by William Thomas Moncrieff (1794-1857)
Called "A Dramatic Entertainment", it is a burlesque based on Scribe's scenario for the original ballet-pantomime. of play in two acts. (The piece is also referred to as The Somnambulist, or The Phantom of the Village, La Somnambula or The Sleep-Walker, or simply La Somnambula.)
Moncrieff's text was published as The Somnabulist in Issue 224 of Dicks' Standard Plays. Published as The Somnambulist, or The Phantom of the Village by J. Cumberland, 1899
La Sonnambula Balanchine (1904-1983)
A 1965 ballet, it was also based on Scribe's scenario, but choreographed by George Balanchine and set to music by Vittorio Rieti (1898-1994)
Performance history in South Africa
Listed below are recorded performances of the various versions
1857: Performed by the Boscawen Amateurs in Simonstown on 28 December, with Who Speaks First? (Dance) as a benefit evening for the Indian Sufferers Relief Fund.
1857: What appears to have been La Somnambula or The Sleep-Walker (by Bellini and Romani) was performed by Sefton Parry and his company in the Harrington Street Theatre, Cape Town, on 8 December, with The Mistress of the Mill (Moncrieff) as afterpiece. Musical arrangement by Mr Holt and the leading roles performed by Mr and Mrs Parry.
1862: A burlesque version (probably that of Moncrieff), performed often as La Somnambula by the Christy Minstrels, during their three-month long tour of the Cape Province. The company was led by Mr Melvyn, with Mr Norton, Mr Rainford and Joe Brown. The director of the orchestra was Mr Stewart
1869: The burlesque version performed as La Somnambula by the Royal Downshire Minstrels in the Garrison Theatre, Cape Town on 27 May, along with "songs and dances".
1869: La Sonnambula, the operatic version by Romani and Bellini, performed by the Miranda-Harper Company in the Mutual Hall, Cape Town on 19 and 29 August, 21 September.
1869: Acts 2 and 3 of La Sonnambula, the operatic version by Romani and Bellini, performed by the Miranda-Harper Company in the Mutual Hall, Cape Town on 29 October, with act 4 of Maritana (Fitzball and Wallace) and act 4 of Il Trovatore (Verdi).
1875: The burlesque version performed as La Somnambula in the Bijou Theatre, Cape Town on 22 May by Disney Roebuck and his company, with Christmas Eve, or The Duel in the Snow (Fitzball)
1875: Performed as La Somnambula in the Bijou Theatre, Cape Town on 24 and 25 May by Disney Roebuck and his company, with The Waterman (by Dibdin, but seemingly ascribed to Charles Dickens) and scenes from The Merchant of Venice (Shakespeare). The evening of the 24th was a "Regatta Night" under the patronage of the Regatta & Table Bay Rowing Club.
1875: Performed as La Somnambula in the Bijou Theatre, Cape Town on 27 May by Disney Roebuck and his company, with Pygmalion & Galatea (Gilbert).
1875: Performed as La Somnambula in the Bijou Theatre, Cape Town on 22 June by Disney Roebuck and his company, with David Garrick (Robertson).
1875: Performed as La Somnambula in the Bijou Theatre, Cape Town on 29 September by Disney Roebuck and his company, with The Steeplechase, or In the Pigskin (Morton), and a "Jockey Dance" performed by Maggie Duggan.
1875: La Somnambula performed as a benefit for Disney Roebuck in the Bijou Theatre, Cape Town on 2 October by his company, with David Garrick (Robertson).
1876: Performed as La Somnambula in the Theatre Royal, Cape Town on 8 July by Disney Roebuck and his company, with Rip van Winkle (Irving/Anon).
1901: The Somnabulist performed in the Oddfellows Hall, Cape Town, by Morris Waxman and his Hebrew Artistes
D.C. Boonzaier. 1923. "My playgoing days – 30 years in the history of the Cape Town stage", in SA Review, 9 March and 24 August 1923. (Reprinted in Bosman 1980: pp. 374-439.)
F.C.L. Bosman. 1980. Drama en Toneel in Suid-Afrika, Deel II, 1856-1912. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik: pp. 59, 64, 141, 166, 324-5, 327, 330, 341, 345, 348, 408
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