Le Retour de Melun
The original text
It is adapted from the play, Le Retour de Melun by Édouard Brisebarre and Eugène Nus, published in Les Drames de la Vie in 1860, and staged as Léonard, a drama in 5 acts and 7 tableaux, at the Théâtre du boulevard du Temple on December 31 1862. The text of Léonard was edited and published by E. Dentu in 1863.
Translations and adaptations
Adapted as an English melodrama in four acts with the title The Ticket-of-Leave Man, by Tom Taylor (1817-1880). The English play was first produced at the Olympic Theatre, London, 27 March 1863 and published in the same year.
Performance history in South Africa
1877: Performed as The Ticket-of-Leave Man four times in the Theatre Royal, Burg Street, Cape Town, by Disney Roebuck and his company: on 1 and 4 September, and again on 5 and 10 December. F.C.L. Bosman (1980) mentions that songs were also sung by Miss Wynne and Miss Nathan on the first occasion.
1878: Performed as The Ticket-of-Leave Man in the Theatre Royal, Burg Street, Cape Town, by the Henry Smith and Richard Thatcher (the Smith and Thatcher Company) on 9 September, and featuring Ada Ward.
1892: Performed as The Ticket-of-Leave Man in the Vaudeville Theatre, Cape Town, by the Chambers Theatre Company, opening on 26 December. The cast consisted of Emma Chambers, Arthur Gilmore, Robert Brierly, James Dalton, Heinrich Varna, Mr Hawshaw, J.A. Rosier, Melter Ross, Albert Harsh, Mr Gibson, H.W. Sillaw, Sam Willougby, May Edwards, Vivienne Vincent, Mrs Willoughby and Joseph Ashman.
1901: The Ticket-of-Leave Man was staged in the Port Elizabeth Opera House during February by the Joseph Ashman Company, by arrangement with Leonard Rayne. Starring Joseph Ashman, (Robert Brierley), Fred Bartlett (James Dalton), Hugh Ardale, (Hawkshaw), W H Thorn, (Melter Moss), Miss Dora Nazeby, (Mary Edwards), Miss Daisy Hesse, (Mrs Willoughby), Miss Mary Brammer, (lady).
George Rowell. 2013. Nineteenth Century Plays, Read Books Ltd
Nicholas Daly. 2015. The Demographic Imagination and the Nineteenth-Century City. Cambridge University Press: p.62
The Daily Advertiser, Port Elizabeth, Tuesday, February 5, 1901.
F.C.L. Bosman. 1980. Drama en Toneel in Suid-Afrika, Deel II, 1856-1916. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik: pp. 206, 222, 226, 294, 306, 309-312, 315-6, 322, 324, 327, 329, 340, 343, 347, 350, 360, 363, 372, 380, 395, 438.
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