The Girl Who Killed to Save (Nongquase the Liberator)
The Girl Who Killed to Save (Nongquase the Liberator) is an English play by H.I.E. Dhlomo (1903-1956).
Also found as Nongqawuse: The Girl Who Killed to Save, Nonqause: The Girl who Killed to Save, uNongqawuse: The Girl Who Killed to Save, The Girl Who Killed to Save (uNongqawuse the Liberator), or simply The Girl Who Killed to Save.
The original text
A version of the story of the tragic Xhosa starvation resulting from the slaughter of the cattle under the chief Kreli, in response to the visions of the prophetess Nongqause (or Nongqawuse). Dhlomo's play is informed by a belief in progress and its desirability is not untypical of the values and beliefs of the 'progressives' of the day. The cattle killing is seen as a largely beneficial event since it destroys old tribal structures and prepares the people for the modern world.
It was first published by Lovedale Press in 1935 as The Girl Who Killed to Save (Nongquase the Liberator), with a foreword by Frank Brownlee. It was republished in the collection H.I.E Dhlomo: Collected Works (Eds. Tim Couzens and Nick Visser) by Ravan Press in 1985.
After 1994 it has become customary to use uNongqawuse, a "corrected" form of her name, in the title to Dhlomo's play, which now often reads: uNongqawuse: The Girl Who Killed to Save, or The Girl Who Killed to Save (uNongqawuse the Liberator).
South African productions
Andrew Offenburger: The Xhosa Cattle-killing Movement
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