Known in English simply as Pagliacci.
The original text
The opera premiered at the Teatro Dal Verme in Milan on 21 May 1892, conducted by Arturo Toscanini, and was done in London in 1893, soon after the Italian premiere, with Nellie Melba playing "Nedda". Opened in New York on 15 June 1893.
Translations and adaptations
Performance history in South Africa
1893-4: Performed as I Pagliacci by the Lyric Opera Company on tour in South Africa, including performances in the Opera House, Cape Town, during October, under the management of Edgar Perkins and Arturo Bonamici, in this case done as a double bill with Cavalleria Rusticana (Mascagni), with a company that included Leonora Braham and Marguerite Macintyre.
1899: Performed and taken on a tour the South African cities and towns by the visiting Arthur Rousbey Grand English Opera Company, under the management of Frank de Jong and Herbert Flemming, appearing in Cape Town's Opera House in the second half of the year.
1905: Performed and taken on a tour the South African cities and towns by the visiting Moody-Manners Opera Company, under the management of the Wheeler Brothers. They opened their tour in the Opera House, Cape Town, during February, before going on a tour of the Northern provinces. Their repertoire consisted of Cavelleria Rusticana, I Pagliacci and Faust and the tour ended in Cape Town again, with a farewell season of the three operas in the Good Hope Theatre, opening on 24 April.
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