While the German term "Der Volksstaat" has its own complex history, the South African use of this concept has a long history, rooted in the 19th century battle to establish "Boer republics", it became an important element of South African Afrikaner nationalism, and was taken over by the right wing movements in South Africa in the run-up to the new dispensation and after 1994. They now focused on the creation of an independent state for Afrikaners (sometimes also referred to as a Boere-staat). The dream was fulfilled to some extent by the founding of three enclaves or land cooperatives, namely Orania in the Northern Cape, Kleinfontein in Gauteng and Balmoral in Mpumalanga. The best known being Orania, which has become something of a tourist atrtraction.
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