Pan Africanist Congress (PAC)

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A liberation group established in 1959 by ANC members who opposed the involvement of whites in the struggle. Banned in 1960, went underground and established a military wing Poqo which undertook Mau-Mau style acts of terror as its means of struggle in the early 1960’s. Later this became known as APLA (Azanian People’s Liberation Army) which moved to larger scale urban terror campaigns. It refused to join the CODESA negotiations, was unbanned in 1990 and thereafter became a minority political party in the new South Africa.

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