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Norma is an opera in two acts by Vincenzo Bellini with libretto by Felice Romani.

The original text

Based on the play Norma, ou L'infanticide by Alexandre Soumet.

It was first produced at La Scala in Milan on 26 December 1831.

Translations and adaptations

Performance history in South Africa

1969: Concert version presented by NAPAC Opera.

1970: Presented by NAPAC Opera.

1972: Presented in Italian by PACOFS Opera, with Nellie du Toit as Norma, produced by James Conrad, conducted by Franco Ferraris.

1974: Presented in Italian by PACT Opera, with Nellie du Toit as Norma, produced by Dino Yannopoulos, conducted by Leo Quayle; presented by PACOFS Opera.

1976: Presented by CAPAB Opera.

1998: Presented by CAPAB Opera (28 May – 12 June)


Wayne Muller. 2018. A reception history of opera in Cape Town: Tracing the development of a distinctly South African operatic aesthetic (1985–2015). Unpublished PhD thesis.

Alexandra Xenia Sabina Mossolow. 2003. The career of South African soprano Nellie du Toit, born 1929. Unpublished Masters thesis. University of Stellenbosch.

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