Le Muletier de Tolède

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Le Muletier de Tolède is a French opéra comique[1] in three acts by Adolphe Adam ()[], with a libretto by Adolphe d' Ennery (1811-1899)[] and Clairville (alias of Louis-François Nicolaïe, 1811–1879)[].

The original French text

The French piece was first performed in Paris at the on 16 December, 1854 and published in the same year.

Translations and adaptations

The libretto of the French work became the basis for The Rose of Castille, a new English opera with original music by Michael William Balfe ()[], and the French libretto translated into English by Augustus Glossop Harris ()[] and Edmund Falconer ()[]. It premiered on 29 October 1857, at the Lyceum Theatre, London.

A burlesque version of the English text, The Rows of Castille (or The Rows of Castile) was written by Conrad Theodore Marriott Edwardes (fl. 1870-1877)[], and first performed originally performed in Brighton, England, on 4 March, 1872. in 18

Performance history in South Africa

As far as ascertained to date, no performance of Adam's French piece was given in South Africa, but both the English opera and the burlesque versions based on it have been done on occasion.

For information on ALL versions done in South Africa, see the entry on The Rose of Castille



Allardyce Nicoll. 1975. A History of English Drama 1660-1900: Late 19th Century Drama 1850-1900 Cambridge University Press: p.354[2]


William Adams. 1891. A Book of Burlesque: Sketches of English Stage Travestie and Parody (Issue 5 of The Whitefriars Library of Wit and Humour, Vol. V). Henry and Company[3]


F.C.L. Bosman. 1980. Drama en Toneel in Suid-Afrika, Deel II, 1856-1912. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik: pp.

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