The original text
The play is said to have been inspired by Molière's Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme, and was apparently (also?) based on "Barber Cox, and The Cutting of His Comb", a story by William Makepeace Thackeray (1811 – 1863) published in George Cruikshank's Comic Almanak for 1840.
Van Maurik created "Janus Tulp" the "barbier en aanspreker" ("barber and orator") as a type of wealthy but foolish "Hollandse burgeredelman" (lit "citizen aristocrat").
The play was first performed on 5th November 1877 in the Amsterdam Schouwburg , becoming very popular and frequently performed. The text was published by Scheltema and Holtema, Amsterdam, 1879.
The expression "een Janus Tulp" ("a Janus Tulp") has since become a term for "a fool" in the Netherlands .
Translations and adaptations
Performance history in South Africa
Facsimile version of the original published text of 1879, Google E-book
Lewis Melville. "The Life of William Makepeace Thackeray" in: Richard Pearson (ed.). 2016. The William Makepeace Thackeray Library: Volume VI. Routledge
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