Isaiah Shembe

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In 1911, Isaiah Mdliwamafa Shembe founded the iBandla amaNazaretha (or Nazareth Baptist Church), a controversial religious movement rooted in Zulu tradition. Shortly afterward he acquired the farm that became his holy city of Ekuphakameni. Shembe provided his followers with a rich liturgical tradition based on modified forms of traditional Zulu dancing and established an annual pilgrimage to the sacred mountain of Nhlangakazi . Peter Larlham, described these pilgrimages as a performance or theatrical event in his 1985 study of South African performance.


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See also Nazareth Baptist Church and Nhlangakazi

Peter Larlham, 1985

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