Black Power Movement

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The term Black Power and the original Black Power Movement arose during the 1960s in an effort to empower black people in the USA. In South Africa the basic philosophy was taken up by a range of liberation movements in the late 1960s, 1970s and into the 1980s, under various names, perhaps most notably the Black Consciousness Movement (BCM), and the notion of Black Conciousness, which played a pivotal role in the evolution of the cultural struggle and political theatre in the country.

See Black Consciousness Movement


Loren Kruger, 1999: 129-142;

Ian Steadman. 1985. Drama and social consciousness: themes in Black theatre on the Witwatersrand until 1984. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Johannesburg: University of the Witwatersrand.

Boonzaier and Sharp, 1988: 35

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