Difference between revisions of "Volksteater"

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== '''Volksteater'''  Pretoria ==
 
== '''Volksteater'''  Pretoria ==
  
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=== History===
  
=== History===
+
An amateur dramatic society  called Volksteater existed in Pretoria from 1936 till the 1970s. Originally founded in 1935 as [[Ons Teatertjie Toneelgroep]], it was  renamed [[Volksteater]] on 12 December 1936, when it  officially became a non-profit organisation for fundraising and administrative reasons, registered under the existing  Company's Act (1921). Like its predecessor,  it had a complex and apparently efficient management system, headed by a committee of patrons and a committee of directors, (the first of which which included [[W.H. van der Merwe]] as chair, [[J.H. Botha]], [[Chris Neethling]], [[Anna Neethling-Pohl]], [[Leonie Pienaar]], [[A. Hauptfleisch]], [[M.L. du Toit]], with [[S.J. Kritzinger]] as business manager.)  It also had a toneelkomitee (theatre committee) and a finansiële komitee (financial committee).  It was in effect a continuation of the earlier Organisation, so the ethos of daring displayed by [[Ons Teatertjie]] was kept intact and later productions.
  
An amateur dramatic society  called Volksteater existed in Pretoria from 1936 till the 1970s. Originally founded in 1935 as [[Ons Teatertjie Toneelgroep]], it was  renamed Volksteater on 12 December 1936, when it  officially became a non-profit organisation for fundraising and administrative reasons, registered under the existing  Company's Act (1921). Like its predecessor,  it had a complex and apparently efficient management system, headed by a committee of patrons and a committee of directors, (the first of which which included [[W.H. van der Merwe]] as chair, [[J.H. Botha]], [[Chris Neethling]], [[Anna Neethling-Pohl]], [[Leonie Pienaar]], [[A. Hauptfleisch]], [[M.L. du Toit]], with [[S.J. Kritzinger]] as business manager.)  It also had a toneelkomitee (theatre committee) and a finansiële komitee (financial committee).  It was in effect a continuation of the earlier Organisation, so the ethos of daring displayed by [[Ons Teatertjie]] was kept intact and later productions.
+
In 1945 however, Neethling-Pohl – long the driving-force behind the organisation - left to join the [[SABC]], and by 1947 several other of the organisation’s stalwarts had also left. The founding of the [[NTO]] also undermined its status as the torchbearer for [[Afrikaans]] theatre in the North, and the company never again quite reached the same heights, although it continued to exist into the 1970s. Among its other prominent members over the years were [[Chris Steenkamp]], [[Casper Bakkes]], [[H.J. Oberholzer]], [[D. Odendaal]], [[Bettie Gründlingh]], [[J. van Rensburg]], *
  
 +
It appears to have been resuscitated later, for references are found to performances such as ''[[Die Proponentjie]]'' (1997),
  
 
=== Productions ===
 
=== Productions ===
  
 +
The numerous productions by [[Volksteater]] Pretoria included many translations of classical European works such as Maurice Maeterlinck’s Catholic miracle-play ''[[Suster Beatrys]]'' ("Sister Beatrix",  1937), August Hinrichs's ''[[Bohaai oor Jolanthe]]'' ("Fuss about Jolanthe",  1937), ''[[Koning Oidipus]]'' (''[[Oedipus Rex]]'', Tr [[Theo Wassenaar]], 1938), Raynal's ''[[Die Soldaat]]'' ("The Soldier", 1939), Karel Çapek's ''[[R.U.R]]'' (1939), Friedrich von Schiller’s ''[[Maria Stuart]]'' (1941), ''[[Die Aasvoëls]]'' (, 1950)*
 +
 +
These translations were interspersed with productions of original [[Afrikaans]] works,  including the premiéres of  [[P.W.S. Schumann]]'s ''[[Katrina]]'' (1937),  [[Hans Rompel]]'s ''[[Aletta gaan Speur]]'' (1938),  [[Fritz Steyn]]’s début work, ''[[Grond]]'' (11-12 August, 1938) and his Hugenot-festival play  ''[[Hulle sien die Kruis]]'' ("They see the cross", 1939), [[N.P. van Wyk Louw]]’s ''[[Die Dieper Reg]]'' (9 September, 1938), [[Uys Krige]]'s ''[[Die Arrestasie]]'' ("The Arrest", 1939),  Most of these were specifically commissioned by [[Volksteater]]. Other local plays done over the years include ''[[Die Meul Dreun]]'' ([[D.F. Malherbe]], 1939), ''[[Die Laaste van die Takhare]]'' (C.J. Langenhoven, 1939), ''[[Liefdesvuur]]'' (Südermann, 1940), ''[[Ruwe Erts]]'' (Fagan, 1940), ''[[Mara]]'' (Grosskopf, 1940), ''[[Moeder Ierland]]'' (Yeats, 1940), ''[[Dagbreek]]'' ([[Wynand du Preez]], 1940), ''[[Noodlotskind]]'' (Duval, 1940), ''[[Maria Stuart]]'' (1941), ''[[In 'n Skewe Straatjie]]'' (194*),  and ''[[Die Laaste Aand]]'' (Leipoldt, 1941), ''[[Deur stryd tot oorwinning]]'' ([[Adèle Jooste]], 1949?), ''[[Salomé Dans!]]'' ([[Gerhard J. Beukes]], 1952). 
  
The numerous productions by [[Volksteater]] Pretoria included many translations of classical European works such as Maurice Maeterlinck’s Catholic miracle-play ''[[Suster Beatrys]]'' ("Sister Beatrix",  1937), August Hinrichs's ''[[Bohaai oor Jolanthe]]'' ("Fuss about Jolanthe",  1937), ''[[Koning Oidipus]]'' (''[[Oedipus Rex]]'', Tr [[Theo Wassenaar]], 1938), Raynal's ''[[Die Soldaat]]'' ("The Soldier", 1939), Karel Çapek's ''[[R.U.R]]'' (1939), Friedrich von Schiller’s ''[[Maria Stuart]]'' (1941), *
+
Important [[Afrikaans]] dramatists who worked with them during this period included [[J.F.W. Grosskopf]], [[H.A. Fagan]], [[Gerhard J. Beukes]] and [[W.A. de Klerk]].
  
These translations were interspersed with productions of original [[Afrikaans]] works,  including the premiéres of  [[P.W.S. Schumann]]'s ''[[Katrina]]'' (1937),  [[Hans Rompel]]'s ''[[Aletta gaan Speur]]'' (1938),  [[Fritz Steyn]]’s début work, ''[[Grond]]'' (11-12 August, 1938) and his Hugenot-festival play  ''[[Hulle sien die Kruis]]'' ("They see the cross", 1939), [[N.P. Van Wyk Louw]]’s ''[[Die Dieper Reg]]'' (9 September, 1938), [[Uys ''Krige]]'s [[Die Arrestasie]]'' ("The Arrest", 1939), Most of these were specifically commissioned by [[Volksteater]].
+
Later productions include ''[[Die Proponentjie]]'' ([[Pieter Fourie]], 1997),  
  
Other important [[Afrikaans]] dramatists who worked with them during this period included [[J.F.W. Grosskopf]], [[H.A. Fagan]], [[Gerhard J. Beukes]] and [[W.A. De Klerk]].
 
  
Other local plays done over the years include ''[[Die Meul Dreun]]'' ([[D.F. Malherbe]], 1939), ''[[Die Laaste van die Takhare]]'' (C.J. Langenhoven, 1939),  .
+
The society also became involved in various festival activities over the years, e.g. putting on pageants, particularly in the 1938 [[Voortrekker Festival]] year , which became a year of lustre for the society. The war itself brought out nationalistic political undertones in the organisation, visible both in some of the more than 24 plays that were performed during this time and the formation of the informal and independent, though affiliated company called  [[Die Katdorings]] in 1941 (the "Cat Thorns",  a politicised theatre group led by [[Jan Pohl]] and [[Anna Neethling-Pohl]].). In the same year a children’s theatre group was established, and from 1942 to 1945 an annual Christmas pageant was staged.
  
The society also became involved in various festival activities over the years, e.g. putting on pageants, particularly in the 1938 Voortrekker Festival year , which became a year of lustre for the society. The war itself brought out nationalistic political undertones in the organisation, visible both in some of the plays that were performed during this time and the formation of the informal and independent, though affiliated company called  Die Katdorings in 1941 (the "Cat Thorns",  a politicised theatre group led by Jan Pohl and Anna Neethling Pohl.). In the same year a children’s theatre group was established, and from 1942 to 1945 an annual Christmas pageant was staged.
+
===An own theatre===
  
All in all they did 24 productions during the war, including ''[[Liefdesvuur]]'' (Südermann, 1940), ''[[Ruwe Erts]]'' (Fagan, 1940), ''[[Mara]]'' (Grosskopf, 1940), ''[[Moeder Ierland]]'' (Yeats, 1940), ''[[Dagbreek]]'' ([[Wynand du Preez]], 1940), ''[[Noodlotskind]]'' (Duval, 1940), ''[[Maria Stuart]]'' (1941), [[In 'n skewe straatjie]] (194*), and ''[[Die Laaste Aand]]'' (Leipoldt, 1941).
+
[[Volksteater]] from the start continued to strive for an own theatre, so in 1937 they sought the support of the city council, with the first plans for a theatre of its own (to be called [[Ons Teatertjie]]), already drawn up in 1938 by E Schwartz, and a plot of ground in Van Boeschoten Avenue allocated. However, with the war in 1939, the plans were aborted, even though supported by the government. They then used the improved [[Pretorius Hall]] in the City Hall, along with the [[Pretoria Repertory Society]]. In later years the dream of such a theatre was realized with the construction of the [[Kleinteater]] in Skinner Street Pretoria, but too late for the prime years of Volksteater. It later became the property of the local teachers' training college, the [[Pretoriase Normaalkollege]].
  
In 1944, [[Anna Neethling-Pohl]] and two other members, [[Jan Cronjé]] and [[Gert van den Bergh]] were retained by a professional company under [[Pierre de Wet]] and the professional standard of their performances under him did much to promote [[Volksteater]] (and themselves!) throughout the Transvaal. Many of the smaller towns, including Benoni, Brakpan, Potchefstroom and Ermelo followed the example of Pretoria in establishing their own “volksteaters”. Volksteater from the start continued to strive for an own theatree, so in 1937 they sought the support of the city council, with the first plans for a theatre of its own already drawn up in 1938 by E Schwartz, and a plot of ground in Van Boeschoten Avenue allocated. However, with the war in 1939, the plans were aborted, even though supported by the government. They then used the improved Pretorius Hall in the City Hall, along with the Pretoria Repertory Society. In 1945 however, Neethling-Pohl – long the driving-force behind the organisation - left to join the SABC, and by 1947 several other of the organisation’s stalwarts had also left. The founding of the NTO also undermined its status as the torchbearer for Afrikaans theatre in the North, and the company never again reached the same heights, although it continued to exist into the 1970s. Among its other prominent members over the years were [[Chris Steenkamp]],  [[Casper Bakkes]], [[H.J. Oberholzer]], [[D. Odendaal]], [[Bettie Gründlingh]], [[J. van Rensburg]], *     
+
=== Influence ===
  
 +
In 1944, [[Anna Neethling-Pohl]] and two other members, [[Jan Cronjé]] and [[Gert van den Bergh]] were retained by a professional company under [[Pierre de Wet]] and the professional standard of their performances under him did much to promote [[Volksteater]] (and themselves!) throughout the Transvaal. As a result, many of the smaller towns, including Benoni, Brakpan, Potchefstroom and Ermelo followed the example of Pretoria in establishing their own “volksteaters” (by the same or other names).
  
 
=== Sources ===
 
=== Sources ===

Latest revision as of 05:16, 25 July 2019

As a theatre genre

Volksteater ("folk theatre", "theatre for the people" - also referred to sometimes as Volkstoneel): As a general term it is normally used to refer to the kind of popular plays which were written and produced for white audiences in which the values of the Afrikaans nation were realistically and somewhat simplistically often sentimentally presented - and occasionally questioned, satirised and/or comically portrayed. These plays were often created by companies to be taken on tour in the rural areas. Perhaps the most emblematic example of such a play is Jochem van Bruggen's classic Ampie. Gradually, in the face of new theories and practices of theatremaking, it slipped into being a term of derision.

However, in the 1970's, Pieter Fourie sought to revive the notion, giving it specific content and stature by defining it as a realistic, sympathetic yet critical approach to the everyday lives of South Africans - as opposed to the highly politicised, abstractionist works being produced by the playwrights of the time. His plays Faan se Trein and Faan se Stasie are perhaps his most coherent and persuasive arguments for this, for they paint an endearing and enjoyably theatrical portrait of small-town life.

(LO)


As the name of a company

The term was also used to refer to three specific theatre companies over the years.

Volksteater Pretoria

History

An amateur dramatic society called Volksteater existed in Pretoria from 1936 till the 1970s. Originally founded in 1935 as Ons Teatertjie Toneelgroep, it was renamed Volksteater on 12 December 1936, when it officially became a non-profit organisation for fundraising and administrative reasons, registered under the existing Company's Act (1921). Like its predecessor, it had a complex and apparently efficient management system, headed by a committee of patrons and a committee of directors, (the first of which which included W.H. van der Merwe as chair, J.H. Botha, Chris Neethling, Anna Neethling-Pohl, Leonie Pienaar, A. Hauptfleisch, M.L. du Toit, with S.J. Kritzinger as business manager.) It also had a toneelkomitee (theatre committee) and a finansiële komitee (financial committee). It was in effect a continuation of the earlier Organisation, so the ethos of daring displayed by Ons Teatertjie was kept intact and later productions.

In 1945 however, Neethling-Pohl – long the driving-force behind the organisation - left to join the SABC, and by 1947 several other of the organisation’s stalwarts had also left. The founding of the NTO also undermined its status as the torchbearer for Afrikaans theatre in the North, and the company never again quite reached the same heights, although it continued to exist into the 1970s. Among its other prominent members over the years were Chris Steenkamp, Casper Bakkes, H.J. Oberholzer, D. Odendaal, Bettie Gründlingh, J. van Rensburg, *

It appears to have been resuscitated later, for references are found to performances such as Die Proponentjie (1997),

Productions

The numerous productions by Volksteater Pretoria included many translations of classical European works such as Maurice Maeterlinck’s Catholic miracle-play Suster Beatrys ("Sister Beatrix", 1937), August Hinrichs's Bohaai oor Jolanthe ("Fuss about Jolanthe", 1937), Koning Oidipus (Oedipus Rex, Tr Theo Wassenaar, 1938), Raynal's Die Soldaat ("The Soldier", 1939), Karel Çapek's R.U.R (1939), Friedrich von Schiller’s Maria Stuart (1941), Die Aasvoëls (, 1950)*

These translations were interspersed with productions of original Afrikaans works, including the premiéres of P.W.S. Schumann's Katrina (1937), Hans Rompel's Aletta gaan Speur (1938), Fritz Steyn’s début work, Grond (11-12 August, 1938) and his Hugenot-festival play Hulle sien die Kruis ("They see the cross", 1939), N.P. van Wyk Louw’s Die Dieper Reg (9 September, 1938), Uys Krige's Die Arrestasie ("The Arrest", 1939), Most of these were specifically commissioned by Volksteater. Other local plays done over the years include Die Meul Dreun (D.F. Malherbe, 1939), Die Laaste van die Takhare (C.J. Langenhoven, 1939), Liefdesvuur (Südermann, 1940), Ruwe Erts (Fagan, 1940), Mara (Grosskopf, 1940), Moeder Ierland (Yeats, 1940), Dagbreek (Wynand du Preez, 1940), Noodlotskind (Duval, 1940), Maria Stuart (1941), In 'n Skewe Straatjie (194*), and Die Laaste Aand (Leipoldt, 1941), Deur stryd tot oorwinning (Adèle Jooste, 1949?), Salomé Dans! (Gerhard J. Beukes, 1952).

Important Afrikaans dramatists who worked with them during this period included J.F.W. Grosskopf, H.A. Fagan, Gerhard J. Beukes and W.A. de Klerk.

Later productions include Die Proponentjie (Pieter Fourie, 1997),


The society also became involved in various festival activities over the years, e.g. putting on pageants, particularly in the 1938 Voortrekker Festival year , which became a year of lustre for the society. The war itself brought out nationalistic political undertones in the organisation, visible both in some of the more than 24 plays that were performed during this time and the formation of the informal and independent, though affiliated company called Die Katdorings in 1941 (the "Cat Thorns", a politicised theatre group led by Jan Pohl and Anna Neethling-Pohl.). In the same year a children’s theatre group was established, and from 1942 to 1945 an annual Christmas pageant was staged.

An own theatre

Volksteater from the start continued to strive for an own theatre, so in 1937 they sought the support of the city council, with the first plans for a theatre of its own (to be called Ons Teatertjie), already drawn up in 1938 by E Schwartz, and a plot of ground in Van Boeschoten Avenue allocated. However, with the war in 1939, the plans were aborted, even though supported by the government. They then used the improved Pretorius Hall in the City Hall, along with the Pretoria Repertory Society. In later years the dream of such a theatre was realized with the construction of the Kleinteater in Skinner Street Pretoria, but too late for the prime years of Volksteater. It later became the property of the local teachers' training college, the Pretoriase Normaalkollege.

Influence

In 1944, Anna Neethling-Pohl and two other members, Jan Cronjé and Gert van den Bergh were retained by a professional company under Pierre de Wet and the professional standard of their performances under him did much to promote Volksteater (and themselves!) throughout the Transvaal. As a result, many of the smaller towns, including Benoni, Brakpan, Potchefstroom and Ermelo followed the example of Pretoria in establishing their own “volksteaters” (by the same or other names).

Sources

Binge, 1969,

Du Toit, 1988

[JH]

Volksteater Brakpan

History

An off-shoot of the original society in Pretoria. ** Productions include Amrach die Tollenaar (D.F. Malherbe, 1938), starring M.S. du Busson. *(Ludwig Binge, 1969)

Sources

Binge, 1969,

Du Toit, 1988

[JH]


Volksteater Potchefstroom

History

Founded in 1945, based on the Pretoria model, and inspired by Bosman de Kock (a former member of the Pretoria society), ***

Sources

Binge, 1969,

Du Toit, 1988

[JH]

Sources

Kannemeyer 1983, 1988

Ludwig Binge, 1969

P.J. du Toit, 1988

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