Difference between revisions of "University of the Free State"

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The [[University of the Free State]] ([[Afrikaans]]: Die [[Universiteit van die Vrystaat]] or [[UVS]]) is a South African university, situated in Bloemfontein. (Acronym: [[UFS]]), formerly also known as the [[University of the Orange Free State]] ([[UOFS]]) or [[Universiteit van die Oranje Vrystaat]] ([[UOVS]]).
  
A South African university, situated in Bloemfontein. (Acronym: [[UFS]])
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Both the university and the students are still colloquially referred to as [[Kovsies]].
  
  
 
== Origins ==
 
== Origins ==
  
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In 1855 a school for boys was established in Bloemfontein by Sir George Grey. Called [[Grey College]] it was the third oldest school in the country, and the first in the interior. At the beginning of the 20th century, the mandate of the school was extended to higher education in the then Orange River Colony. Six (B.A.) students were taken in on 28 January 1904 and the the first two students graduated in 1905. A year later the tertiary institution became known as the [[Grey University College]] ([[GUC]]) and shortly thereafter, the school and college parted ways.
  
At the beginning of the 20th century, a decades-long dream of an institution of higher education in the Free State (then called the Orange River Colony), one of the provinces in South Africa, became a reality with the establishment of the Grey College School with only six (B.A.) students on 28 January 1904.
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By 1907 the number of students had grown to 29 and the lecturers to ten. In 1910 the Parliament of the Orange River Colony passed legislation declaring the [[GUC]] an official educational institution in Arts and Sciences.
 
   
 
   
The first two students graduated in 1905 and a year later the institution became known as the Grey University College (GUC). Shortly thereafter, the school and college parted ways. By 1907 the number of students had grown to 29 and the lecturers to ten. In 1910 the Parliament of the Orange River Colony passed legislation declaring the GUC an official educational institution in Arts and Sciences.
+
In the beginning the main thrust at the [[GUC]] was towards English and lectures were mainly offered in English, though the very first department of [[Afrikaans]] was founded there in 1918, under the guidance of [[D.F. Malherbe]].
 +
 
 +
By the late 1940s however [[Afrikaans]] had become firmly established as an academic language and it became the official language of instruction at the university and the name was changed to the [[Universiteits Kollege van die Oranje Vrystaat]] ("[[University College of the Orange Free State]]") and later became widely known as [[UKOVS]], even when another name change - to the [[Universiteit van die Orange Vrystaat]] ("[[University of the Orange Free State]]") occurred on 18 March 1950, to signal that the South African Parliament had finally declared it a fully fledged, independent university.  
 +
 
 +
Over the following decades this university developed strongly,to become became an institution of higher learning to be reckoned with, not only in South Africa, but also outside the country’s borders.
 +
 
 +
In 1993 the [[UOFS]] became a parallel-medium institution, offering lectures in both English and [[Afrikaans]] and in February 2001 it was renamed the [[University of the Free State]] ([[UFS]]), to reflect the character of the university and its environment after 1996.
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== Drama and Theatre Studies at the [[UFS]]==
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In the early years the [[GUK Dramatic Society]] offered opportunities for dramatic performances, with [[D.F. Malherbe]] a leading figure in these productions. He not only wrote a number of plays for them, but also directed and performed in some of the productions. This interest in drama by the [[Afrikaans]] department would continue and feature strongly in  the courses offered by [[Gerhard J. Beukes]](who also wrote numerous plays) The English department too encouraged theatrical work, with the work of [[Robert J. Wahl]] putting a notable emphasis on such work in the 1960s.
 
   
 
   
In the beginning the main thrust at the GUC was towards English and lectures were mainly offered in English, though the very first department of Afrikaans was founded there , under the guidance of D.F. Malherbe.  
+
In 1966 a [[Drama Department]] was founded with [[Jo Gevers]] appointed as first head.  
  
In the late 1940s [[Afrikaans]] became the official language of instruction at the university and the name was changed to the [[Uniiversiteits Kollege van die Oranje Vrystaat]] ("[[University College of the Orange Free State]]") and later became widely known as [[UKOVS]], even when another name change - to the [[Universiteit van die Orange Vrystaat]] ("[[University of the Orange Free State]]") occurred on 18 March 1950, to signal that the South African Parliament had finally declared it a fully fledged, independent university. The students of this university , to this day, are referred to as "Kovsies".
+
The founding of a Department of [[Communication Studies]] later enhanced this focus on the performing arts.
 
Over the following decades this university developed strongly, and in 1966 founded a [[Drama Department]] (with [[Jo Gevers]] as first head) and in 19** a Department of [[Communication Studies]]. Drama was also strongly featured in the Afrikaans department (notably through the courses offered by [[Gerhard J. Beukes]]) and English (notable in the 1960s was the work of [[Robert J. Wahl]])particularly became an institution of higher learning to be reckoned with, not only in South Africa, but also outside the country’s borders.
 
 
In 1993 the [[UOFS]] became a parallel-medium institution, offering lectures in both English and [[Afrikaans]] and in February 2001 it was renamed the [[University of the Free State]] ([[UFS]]), to reflect the character of the university and its environment after 1996.
 
  
 
== Sources ==
 
== Sources ==
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http://www.ufs.ac.za/about-the-ufs/ufs-in-focus/brief-history
 
http://www.ufs.ac.za/about-the-ufs/ufs-in-focus/brief-history
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== Return to ==
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 +
Return to [[South_African_Theatre/Venues|South African Theatre Venues, Companies, Societies, etc ]]
 +
 +
Return to [[The ESAT Entries]]
 +
 +
Return to [[Main Page]]

Latest revision as of 18:56, 19 January 2020

The University of the Free State (Afrikaans: Die Universiteit van die Vrystaat or UVS) is a South African university, situated in Bloemfontein. (Acronym: UFS), formerly also known as the University of the Orange Free State (UOFS) or Universiteit van die Oranje Vrystaat (UOVS).

Both the university and the students are still colloquially referred to as Kovsies.


Origins

In 1855 a school for boys was established in Bloemfontein by Sir George Grey. Called Grey College it was the third oldest school in the country, and the first in the interior. At the beginning of the 20th century, the mandate of the school was extended to higher education in the then Orange River Colony. Six (B.A.) students were taken in on 28 January 1904 and the the first two students graduated in 1905. A year later the tertiary institution became known as the Grey University College (GUC) and shortly thereafter, the school and college parted ways.

By 1907 the number of students had grown to 29 and the lecturers to ten. In 1910 the Parliament of the Orange River Colony passed legislation declaring the GUC an official educational institution in Arts and Sciences.

In the beginning the main thrust at the GUC was towards English and lectures were mainly offered in English, though the very first department of Afrikaans was founded there in 1918, under the guidance of D.F. Malherbe.

By the late 1940s however Afrikaans had become firmly established as an academic language and it became the official language of instruction at the university and the name was changed to the Universiteits Kollege van die Oranje Vrystaat ("University College of the Orange Free State") and later became widely known as UKOVS, even when another name change - to the Universiteit van die Orange Vrystaat ("University of the Orange Free State") occurred on 18 March 1950, to signal that the South African Parliament had finally declared it a fully fledged, independent university.

Over the following decades this university developed strongly,to become became an institution of higher learning to be reckoned with, not only in South Africa, but also outside the country’s borders.

In 1993 the UOFS became a parallel-medium institution, offering lectures in both English and Afrikaans and in February 2001 it was renamed the University of the Free State (UFS), to reflect the character of the university and its environment after 1996.

Drama and Theatre Studies at the UFS

In the early years the GUK Dramatic Society offered opportunities for dramatic performances, with D.F. Malherbe a leading figure in these productions. He not only wrote a number of plays for them, but also directed and performed in some of the productions. This interest in drama by the Afrikaans department would continue and feature strongly in the courses offered by Gerhard J. Beukes(who also wrote numerous plays) The English department too encouraged theatrical work, with the work of Robert J. Wahl putting a notable emphasis on such work in the 1960s.

In 1966 a Drama Department was founded with Jo Gevers appointed as first head.

The founding of a Department of Communication Studies later enhanced this focus on the performing arts.

Sources

http://www.ufs.ac.za/about-the-ufs/ufs-in-focus/brief-history

Return to

Return to South African Theatre Venues, Companies, Societies, etc

Return to The ESAT Entries

Return to Main Page