Difference between revisions of "The Seagull"

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''[[The Seagull]]'', (Russian: Чайка, ''[[Chayka]]'') is a play by [[Anton Chekhov]] (1860-1904).   
+
''[[The Seagull]]'', (Russian: ''[[Чайка]]'', ''[[Chayka]]'') is a play by [[Anton Chekhov]] (1860-1904)[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_Chekhov].   
  
 
==The original text==
 
==The original text==
  
Written in 1895, it was first produced and failed at the Alexandrinsky Theatre, St Petersburg in 1896. Revived and a success when performed by the Moscow Art Theatre a while later. It is generally considered to be the first of his four major plays.  
+
Written as ''[[Чайка]]'' (''[[Chayka]]'' in the Roman alphabet) in 1895, it was first produced at the Alexandrinsky Theatre, St Petersburg in 1896, but failed . Revived and a success when performed by the Moscow Art Theatre a while later. It is generally considered to be the first of his four major plays.  
  
 
==Translations and adaptations==
 
==Translations and adaptations==
  
Widely translated and adapted, the play has had a vast influence on world theatre.  
+
Widely translated and adapted for the stage, Film and TV, the play has had a vast influence on world theatre.  
  
Translated into English by Elisaveta Fen.
+
Translated into English as ''[[The Seagull]]'' by Elisaveta Fen.
  
  
Translated into [[Afrikaans]] as ''[[Die Seemeeu]]'' by [[André P. Brink]]. Published by Human & Rousseau, c1972 as ''[[Die Seemeeu|Die seemeeu : 'n komedie in vier bedrywe]]''
+
===South African stage versions===
  
See also ''[[Die Eend]]'', an adaptation by [[Charles Fourie]] and  [[Reza de Wet]]'s play ''[[On the Lake]]'', inspired by the Chekhov work.  
+
Translated into [[Afrikaans]] as '''''[[Die Seemeeu]]''''' by [[André P. Brink]]. Published by Human & Rousseau, c1972 as ''[[Die Seemeeu|Die seemeeu : 'n komedie in vier bedrywe]]''
 +
 
 +
 
 +
An updated and adapted [[Afrikaans]] text was written by [[Saartjie Botha]] in 2015. 
 +
 
 +
See also ''[[Die Eend]]'' ("The Duck"), an [[Afrikaans]] adaptation by [[Charles Fourie]] and  [[Reza de Wet]]'s English play ''[[On the Lake]]'', inspired by the Chekhov work.
 +
 
 +
===South African film & TV versions===
 +
 
 +
'''''[[Die Seemeeu]]'' (2018)''': [[Saartjie Botha]]'s 2015 stage version was adapted as an [[Afrikaans]] film by [[Christiaan Olwagen]] and [[Saartjie Botha]], and transposed to South Africa in the 1990's. The film was directed by [[Christiaan Olwagen]], with a cast that includes [[Sandra Prinsloo]] (Irene), [[Marius Weyers]] (Piet), [[Albert Pretorius]] (Konstant), [[Rolanda Marais]](Nina), [[Cintaine Schutte]] (Masha), [[Gerben Kamper]] (Dr. Eugene),  [[Deon Lotz]] (Elias),  [[Martelize Kolver]] (Paulina), [[Geon Nel]] (Simon) and [[Alyzzander Fourie]] (Boors),  [[Bennie Michaels]] (Jakob) and [[Margie Michaels]] (Anna).
 +
 
 +
Produced by [[Marche Media]] and producers [[Jan du Plessis]], [[Karen Meiring]], [[Jaco Smit]], [[Roelof Storm]], [[Anneke Villet]] and [[Kaye Ann Williams]]. 
 +
Music by [[Charl-Johan Lingenfelder]], cinematography by [[Chris Vermaak]], film editing and script supervision by [[Eva du Preez]], production design by [[Rocco Pool]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 +
 
 +
Set Decoration by 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Stefan Benadé
 +
 
 +
Costume Design by 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Mariechen Vosloo
 +
 
 +
Production Management 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Jaco Nothnagel
 +
...
 +
production manager
 +
Second Unit Director or Assistant Director 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Beer Adriaanse
 +
...
 +
second second assistant director
 +
Jaco Smit
 +
...
 +
first assistant director
 +
Elle Wolfaardt
 +
...
 +
second assistant director
 +
Sound Department 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Michael Broomberg
 +
...
 +
foley artist
 +
Jade Hill
 +
...
 +
foley artist
 +
David Houston
 +
...
 +
adr recordist / assistant re-recording mixer
 +
James Olivier
 +
...
 +
sound designer / sound effects editor
 +
Simon Ratcliffe
 +
...
 +
sound supervisor
 +
Carl Roberts
 +
...
 +
foley recordist (as Carl Robert)
 +
Jack Van Wyk
 +
...
 +
sound editor
 +
Louw Verwoerd
 +
...
 +
sound mixer
 +
Richard West
 +
...
 +
dialogue mixer / re-recording mixer / supervising sound editor
 +
Camera and Electrical Department 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Chris Vermaak
 +
...
 +
a camera/steadicam operator
 +
Editorial Department 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Dwaine de Faria
 +
...
 +
on-line editor / post-production supervisor
 +
Matthys Pretorius
 +
...
 +
colorist
 +
Music Department 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Charl-Johan Lingenfelder
 +
...
 +
musical director
 +
Simon Ratcliffe
 +
...
 +
score engineer / scoring mixer
 +
Script and Continuity Department 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Eva Du Preez
 +
...
 +
script supervisor (as Eva du Preez)
 +
Other crew 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Ludwig Binge
 +
...
 +
cast stand-in
 +
Rebekah Louisa Smith
  
 
== Performance history in South Africa ==
 
== Performance history in South Africa ==
Line 24: Line 146:
 
First South African performance in 19** by **.  
 
First South African performance in 19** by **.  
  
1931: Play used for the opening performance in the [[Little Theatre]], Cape Town, directed by [[W.A. Sewell]] with students and staff of the [[South African College of Music]] on 18 August 1931.  
+
1931: This was the play used for the opening performance in the [[Little Theatre]], Cape Town, presented by the [[Little Theatre Players]], directed by [[Arthur Sewell]] with students and staff of the [[South African College of Music]] on 18 August 1931.  
  
 
1941: Performed  by The [[Johannesburg Repertory Society|Johannesburg Reps]] starring [[Taubie Kushlick]].  
 
1941: Performed  by The [[Johannesburg Repertory Society|Johannesburg Reps]] starring [[Taubie Kushlick]].  
  
 
1945: Performed at the [[Standard Theatre]], Johannesburg. Produced by [[Margaret Lassner]] for the  [[Johannesburg Repertory Society]], with  [[Taubie Kushlick]], [[Rognvald Gibsen]], [[David Goldblatt]], [[Christina Jaures]], [[Fred Loehnen]], [[Jocelyn de Bruyn]], [[Norman Torry]].
 
1945: Performed at the [[Standard Theatre]], Johannesburg. Produced by [[Margaret Lassner]] for the  [[Johannesburg Repertory Society]], with  [[Taubie Kushlick]], [[Rognvald Gibsen]], [[David Goldblatt]], [[Christina Jaures]], [[Fred Loehnen]], [[Jocelyn de Bruyn]], [[Norman Torry]].
 +
 +
1968: Presented by the [[Little Theatre Players]] at the [[Little Theatre]], Cape Town, in November, directed by [[Rosalie van der Gucht]].
  
 
1976: Performed by [[The Company]],  directed by [[Barney Simon]], for the “unofficial opening” of the [[Market Theatre]] on 21 June (using the small theatre [[Upstairs at the Market]]), with  [[Erica Rogers]], [[Vanessa Cooke]], [[Sandra Prinsloo]], [[Bill Brewer]], [[Marius Weyers]], [[Danny Keogh]], [[Lindsay Reardon]] and [[Bess Finney]].
 
1976: Performed by [[The Company]],  directed by [[Barney Simon]], for the “unofficial opening” of the [[Market Theatre]] on 21 June (using the small theatre [[Upstairs at the Market]]), with  [[Erica Rogers]], [[Vanessa Cooke]], [[Sandra Prinsloo]], [[Bill Brewer]], [[Marius Weyers]], [[Danny Keogh]], [[Lindsay Reardon]] and [[Bess Finney]].
Line 36: Line 160:
 
1987: Performed by  [[CAPAB]] at the [[Nico Malan Theatre]], directed and designed by [[Marthinus Basson]], assisted as director by [[Mark Hoeben]]. Lighting by [[Malcolm Hurrell]]. The cast: [[Diane Wilson]] (Arkadina), [[Lionel Newton]] (Trepliov), [[Paul Malherbe]] (Sorin), [[Pauline O'Kelly]] (Zaryechnaia), [[Ronald France]] (Shamrayev), [[Mary Dreyer]] (Polena Andryeevna), [[Claire Berlein]] (Masha), [[David Dennis]] (Trigorin), [[André Roothman]] (Dorn), [[Mark Graham]] (Medviedenko), [[Mark Hoeben]] (Yakov) and others. The production opened on 22 May 1987.
 
1987: Performed by  [[CAPAB]] at the [[Nico Malan Theatre]], directed and designed by [[Marthinus Basson]], assisted as director by [[Mark Hoeben]]. Lighting by [[Malcolm Hurrell]]. The cast: [[Diane Wilson]] (Arkadina), [[Lionel Newton]] (Trepliov), [[Paul Malherbe]] (Sorin), [[Pauline O'Kelly]] (Zaryechnaia), [[Ronald France]] (Shamrayev), [[Mary Dreyer]] (Polena Andryeevna), [[Claire Berlein]] (Masha), [[David Dennis]] (Trigorin), [[André Roothman]] (Dorn), [[Mark Graham]] (Medviedenko), [[Mark Hoeben]] (Yakov) and others. The production opened on 22 May 1987.
  
1990: Presented by [[PACT]] Drama at the [[Windybrow Theatre]] and the [[State Theatre]], directed by [[Ilse van Hemert]] starring [[Sandra Prinsloo]] (Arkadina}, [[Christopher Wells]] (Trepliov}, [[Michael McCabe]] (Sorin), [[Embeth Davidtz]] (Zaryechnaia), [[Dale Cutts]] (Shamrayev), [[Jacqui Singer]] (Polena Andreevna), [[Anna-Mart van der Merwe]] (Masha), [[Graham Hopkins]] (Trigorin), [[James Borthwick]] (Dorn), [[Peter Terry]] (Medviedenko) and [[Nick Nortier-Ashby]] (a workman). Set and costume designer [[Lindy Roberts]], lighting designer [[Jane Gosnell]].
+
1990: Presented by [[PACT]] Drama at the [[Windybrow Theatre]] and the [[State Theatre]], directed by [[Ilse van Hemert]] starring [[Sandra Prinsloo]] (Arkadina}, [[Christopher Wells]] (Trepliov}, [[Michael McCabe]] (Sorin), [[Embeth Davidtz]] (Zaryechnaia), [[Dale Cutts]] (Shamrayev), [[Jacqui Singer]] (Polena Andreevna), [[Anna-Mart van der Merwe]] (Masha), [[Graham Hopkins]] (Trigorin), [[James Borthwick]] (Dorn), [[Peter Terry]] (Medviedenko) and [[Nicholas Ashby|Nick Nortier-Ashby]] (a workman). Set and costume designer [[Lindy Roberts]], lighting designer [[Jane Gosnell]].
  
 
===Performances in Afrikaans translation===
 
===Performances in Afrikaans translation===
  
 
1972: Performed by [[PACT]]  in the [[Breytenbach Theatre]] in August, directed by [[Robert Mohr]] with  [[Wilna Snyman]], [[Don Lamprecht]], [[Carel Trichardt]], [[Sandra Prinsloo]], [[Wilma Stockenström]], [[Katinka Heyns]], [[Marius Weyers]], [[Louis van Niekerk]], [[Marko van der Colff]], [[David Eppel]], [[Karin van Wyk]] and [[George Ballot]]. Decor by [[Richard Cook]] and costumes by [[Tom Owen]].
 
1972: Performed by [[PACT]]  in the [[Breytenbach Theatre]] in August, directed by [[Robert Mohr]] with  [[Wilna Snyman]], [[Don Lamprecht]], [[Carel Trichardt]], [[Sandra Prinsloo]], [[Wilma Stockenström]], [[Katinka Heyns]], [[Marius Weyers]], [[Louis van Niekerk]], [[Marko van der Colff]], [[David Eppel]], [[Karin van Wyk]] and [[George Ballot]]. Decor by [[Richard Cook]] and costumes by [[Tom Owen]].
 
  
 
1996: Performed by the [[University of Stellenbosch Drama Department]] at the [[H.B. Thom Theatre]] in November 1996, directed by [[Shirley Johnston]], starring [[Nicole Holm]], [[Nico Dreyer]], [[Paul du Toit]], [[Leanna Dreyer]], [[Paul van Wyk]], [[Keith Bain]], [[Martelize Kolver]], [[Amelda Brand]], [[Gaerin Hauptfleisch]], [[Jaco Bouwer]], [[Hugo Theart]], [[Albert Snyman]].
 
1996: Performed by the [[University of Stellenbosch Drama Department]] at the [[H.B. Thom Theatre]] in November 1996, directed by [[Shirley Johnston]], starring [[Nicole Holm]], [[Nico Dreyer]], [[Paul du Toit]], [[Leanna Dreyer]], [[Paul van Wyk]], [[Keith Bain]], [[Martelize Kolver]], [[Amelda Brand]], [[Gaerin Hauptfleisch]], [[Jaco Bouwer]], [[Hugo Theart]], [[Albert Snyman]].
  
 +
2015: An adapted text by [[Saartjie Botha]], produced in [[Afrikaans]] as ''[[Die Seemeeu]]'', directed by [[Christiaan Olwagen]], with [[Sandra Prinsloo]], [[Marius Weyers]],  [[Gerben Kamper]],  [[Alyzzander Fourie]], [[Deon Lotz]], [[Rolanda Marais]], [[Martelize Kolver]], [[Albert Pretorius]], [[Geon Nel]] and [[Cintaine Schutte]]. Designs by [[Birrie le Roux]], lighting by [[Wolfie Britz|Wolf Britz]] and music by [[Charl-Johan Lingenfelder]]. Opened at the Afrikaanse [[Woordfees]] in Stelllenbosch in March, and played at the [[Klein Karoo Nasionale Kunstefees]] in April, the [[Aardklop]] festival in July and the [[Baxter Theatre]] in October.
  
2015: Produced in [[Afrikaans]] as ''[[Die Seemeeu]]'', directed by [[Christiaan Olwagen]], with [[Sandra Prinsloo]], [[Marius Weyers]],  [[Gerben Kamper]],  [[Alyzzander Fourie]], [[Deon Lotz]], [[Rolanda Marais]], [[Martelize Kolver]], [[Albert Pretorius]], [[Geon Nel]] and [[Cintaine Schutte]]. Designs by [[Birrie le Roux]], lighting by [[Wolfie Britz|Wolf Britz]] and music by [[Charl-Johan Lingenfelder]]. Opened at the Afrikaanse [[Woordfees]] in Stelllenbosch in March, and played at the [[Klein Karoo Nasionale Kunstefees]] in April, the [[Aardklop]] festival in July and the [[Baxter Theatre]] in October.
+
==Sources==
  
==Sources==
+
Wikipedia [https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Seagull], [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anton_Chekhov].
  
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Seagull
+
[[ESAT Bibliography I|Inskip]], 1972. pp 119, 154.
  
 
''[[South African Opinion]]'', 2(4):23, 1945.
 
''[[South African Opinion]]'', 2(4):23, 1945.
Line 57: Line 181:
  
 
''[[The Seagull]]'' theatre programmes 1987, 1990.
 
''[[The Seagull]]'' theatre programmes 1987, 1990.
 
  
 
[[H.B. Thom Theatre]] programme, 1996
 
[[H.B. Thom Theatre]] programme, 1996
Line 64: Line 187:
  
 
[[BooksLive]], 15 September 2015[http://bookslive.co.za/blog/2015/09/15/die-seemeeu-tref-kaapstad-klassieke-tsjechof-in-afrikaans-by-die-baxter/]
 
[[BooksLive]], 15 September 2015[http://bookslive.co.za/blog/2015/09/15/die-seemeeu-tref-kaapstad-klassieke-tsjechof-in-afrikaans-by-die-baxter/]
 +
 +
https://www.artlink.co.za/news_article.htm?contentID=38969
 +
 +
https://www.imdb.com/title/tt8595478/
  
 
[[ESAT Bibliography Tra-Tz|Tucker]], 1997.
 
[[ESAT Bibliography Tra-Tz|Tucker]], 1997.

Latest revision as of 18:24, 17 August 2020

The Seagull, (Russian: Чайка, Chayka) is a play by Anton Chekhov (1860-1904)[1].

The original text

Written as Чайка (Chayka in the Roman alphabet) in 1895, it was first produced at the Alexandrinsky Theatre, St Petersburg in 1896, but failed . Revived and a success when performed by the Moscow Art Theatre a while later. It is generally considered to be the first of his four major plays.

Translations and adaptations

Widely translated and adapted for the stage, Film and TV, the play has had a vast influence on world theatre.

Translated into English as The Seagull by Elisaveta Fen.


South African stage versions

Translated into Afrikaans as Die Seemeeu by André P. Brink. Published by Human & Rousseau, c1972 as Die seemeeu : 'n komedie in vier bedrywe


An updated and adapted Afrikaans text was written by Saartjie Botha in 2015.

See also Die Eend ("The Duck"), an Afrikaans adaptation by Charles Fourie and Reza de Wet's English play On the Lake, inspired by the Chekhov work.

South African film & TV versions

Die Seemeeu (2018): Saartjie Botha's 2015 stage version was adapted as an Afrikaans film by Christiaan Olwagen and Saartjie Botha, and transposed to South Africa in the 1990's. The film was directed by Christiaan Olwagen, with a cast that includes Sandra Prinsloo (Irene), Marius Weyers (Piet), Albert Pretorius (Konstant), Rolanda Marais(Nina), Cintaine Schutte (Masha), Gerben Kamper (Dr. Eugene), Deon Lotz (Elias), Martelize Kolver (Paulina), Geon Nel (Simon) and Alyzzander Fourie (Boors), Bennie Michaels (Jakob) and Margie Michaels (Anna).

Produced by Marche Media and producers Jan du Plessis, Karen Meiring, Jaco Smit, Roelof Storm, Anneke Villet and Kaye Ann Williams. Music by Charl-Johan Lingenfelder, cinematography by Chris Vermaak, film editing and script supervision by Eva du Preez, production design by Rocco Pool



Set Decoration by


Stefan Benadé

Costume Design by


Mariechen Vosloo

Production Management


Jaco Nothnagel ... production manager Second Unit Director or Assistant Director


Beer Adriaanse ... second second assistant director Jaco Smit ... first assistant director Elle Wolfaardt ... second assistant director Sound Department


Michael Broomberg ... foley artist Jade Hill ... foley artist David Houston ... adr recordist / assistant re-recording mixer James Olivier ... sound designer / sound effects editor Simon Ratcliffe ... sound supervisor Carl Roberts ... foley recordist (as Carl Robert) Jack Van Wyk ... sound editor Louw Verwoerd ... sound mixer Richard West ... dialogue mixer / re-recording mixer / supervising sound editor Camera and Electrical Department


Chris Vermaak ... a camera/steadicam operator Editorial Department


Dwaine de Faria ... on-line editor / post-production supervisor Matthys Pretorius ... colorist Music Department


Charl-Johan Lingenfelder ... musical director Simon Ratcliffe ... score engineer / scoring mixer Script and Continuity Department


Eva Du Preez ... script supervisor (as Eva du Preez) Other crew


Ludwig Binge ... cast stand-in Rebekah Louisa Smith

Performance history in South Africa

The play has been performed numerous times in South Africa, in translation and in adapted form.

Performances in English translation

First South African performance in 19** by **.

1931: This was the play used for the opening performance in the Little Theatre, Cape Town, presented by the Little Theatre Players, directed by Arthur Sewell with students and staff of the South African College of Music on 18 August 1931.

1941: Performed by The Johannesburg Reps starring Taubie Kushlick.

1945: Performed at the Standard Theatre, Johannesburg. Produced by Margaret Lassner for the Johannesburg Repertory Society, with Taubie Kushlick, Rognvald Gibsen, David Goldblatt, Christina Jaures, Fred Loehnen, Jocelyn de Bruyn, Norman Torry.

1968: Presented by the Little Theatre Players at the Little Theatre, Cape Town, in November, directed by Rosalie van der Gucht.

1976: Performed by The Company, directed by Barney Simon, for the “unofficial opening” of the Market Theatre on 21 June (using the small theatre Upstairs at the Market), with Erica Rogers, Vanessa Cooke, Sandra Prinsloo, Bill Brewer, Marius Weyers, Danny Keogh, Lindsay Reardon and Bess Finney.

1982: Performed at the Glass Theatre, Cape Town, directed by Chris Pretorius.

1987: Performed by CAPAB at the Nico Malan Theatre, directed and designed by Marthinus Basson, assisted as director by Mark Hoeben. Lighting by Malcolm Hurrell. The cast: Diane Wilson (Arkadina), Lionel Newton (Trepliov), Paul Malherbe (Sorin), Pauline O'Kelly (Zaryechnaia), Ronald France (Shamrayev), Mary Dreyer (Polena Andryeevna), Claire Berlein (Masha), David Dennis (Trigorin), André Roothman (Dorn), Mark Graham (Medviedenko), Mark Hoeben (Yakov) and others. The production opened on 22 May 1987.

1990: Presented by PACT Drama at the Windybrow Theatre and the State Theatre, directed by Ilse van Hemert starring Sandra Prinsloo (Arkadina}, Christopher Wells (Trepliov}, Michael McCabe (Sorin), Embeth Davidtz (Zaryechnaia), Dale Cutts (Shamrayev), Jacqui Singer (Polena Andreevna), Anna-Mart van der Merwe (Masha), Graham Hopkins (Trigorin), James Borthwick (Dorn), Peter Terry (Medviedenko) and Nick Nortier-Ashby (a workman). Set and costume designer Lindy Roberts, lighting designer Jane Gosnell.

Performances in Afrikaans translation

1972: Performed by PACT in the Breytenbach Theatre in August, directed by Robert Mohr with Wilna Snyman, Don Lamprecht, Carel Trichardt, Sandra Prinsloo, Wilma Stockenström, Katinka Heyns, Marius Weyers, Louis van Niekerk, Marko van der Colff, David Eppel, Karin van Wyk and George Ballot. Decor by Richard Cook and costumes by Tom Owen.

1996: Performed by the University of Stellenbosch Drama Department at the H.B. Thom Theatre in November 1996, directed by Shirley Johnston, starring Nicole Holm, Nico Dreyer, Paul du Toit, Leanna Dreyer, Paul van Wyk, Keith Bain, Martelize Kolver, Amelda Brand, Gaerin Hauptfleisch, Jaco Bouwer, Hugo Theart, Albert Snyman.

2015: An adapted text by Saartjie Botha, produced in Afrikaans as Die Seemeeu, directed by Christiaan Olwagen, with Sandra Prinsloo, Marius Weyers, Gerben Kamper, Alyzzander Fourie, Deon Lotz, Rolanda Marais, Martelize Kolver, Albert Pretorius, Geon Nel and Cintaine Schutte. Designs by Birrie le Roux, lighting by Wolf Britz and music by Charl-Johan Lingenfelder. Opened at the Afrikaanse Woordfees in Stelllenbosch in March, and played at the Klein Karoo Nasionale Kunstefees in April, the Aardklop festival in July and the Baxter Theatre in October.

Sources

Wikipedia [2], [3].

Inskip, 1972. pp 119, 154.

South African Opinion, 2(4):23, 1945.

PACT Newsletter, June 1972.

The Seagull theatre programmes 1987, 1990.

H.B. Thom Theatre programme, 1996

Baxter Theatre Centre: What's on in November? (Thursday, October 22, 2015).

BooksLive, 15 September 2015[4]

https://www.artlink.co.za/news_article.htm?contentID=38969

https://www.imdb.com/title/tt8595478/

Tucker, 1997.

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