Difference between revisions of "San"

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(Created page with "San Bushman. This was the colonial name for the original hunter-gatherer population of Southern Africa, deriving from Bosjesman ** . By the 1980’s the term was seen as deroga...")
 
 
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San
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[[San]] is a collective generic name given to the many tribes of aboriginal people of Southern Africa. With a distinct hunter-gatherer culture which stretches back over 20 000 years, and  genetic origins that reach back over one million years, they are believed to be the oldest genetic stock of contemporary humanity.
  
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This group was for a long time time denigratingly referred to as  [[Bushmen]] in English (or [[Bosjesmannen]] in [[Dutch]] and [[Boesmans]] in [[Afrikaans]]), but was replaced by the name [[San]], which came into use in the 1920s and 1930s and really gained prominence in the 1970’s, as  a reaction to the perceived pejorative connotations that had become attached to the terms [[Boesman]] or [[Bushman]].
  
Bushman. This was the colonial name for the original hunter-gatherer population of Southern Africa, deriving from Bosjesman ** . By the 1980’s the term was seen as derogatory and replaced by the more “correct” San or /Xan (indicating a click sound). However by 2000 this had been challenged in its turn, apparently referring to only one section of a larger group. *?
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However, by 2000 this was being disputed by many, and the term [[Bushman]] was being used again, also by some of the people themselves for a while.
  
Also often used in combination with xhoi as xhoisan or [[khoisan]]
 
  
'''CHECK!  EXPAND'''
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[[San]] is sometimes combined with [[Khoi]] (referring to the [[Khoikhoi]] or [[Hottentot]] peoples) in the term [[Khoisan]], which referring to all hunter-gatherers in the Southern African region.
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See further the '''Sources''' listed below
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== Sources ==
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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_people
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http://www.sahistory.org.za/people-south-africa/san
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http://www.san.org.za/history.php
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''[[Critical Arts]]'', Volume 28, Issue 4, August 2014 (Special Issue: San representation, Part II)
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Go to [[South African Theatre/Bibliography]]
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== Return to ==
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Return to [[The South African Context/General Terminology and Thematic Entries]]
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Return to [[South African Theatre/Terminology and Thematic Entries]]
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Return to [[South African Film /Terminology and Thematic Entries]]
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Return to [[South African Media/Terminology and Thematic Entries]]
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Return to [[The ESAT Entries]]
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Return to [[Main Page]]
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== Return to ==
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Return to [[South_African_Theatre/Themes|South African Theatre Terminology and Thematic Entries]]
 
Return to [[South_African_Theatre/Themes|South African Theatre Terminology and Thematic Entries]]
  
 
Return to [[Main Page]]
 
Return to [[Main Page]]

Latest revision as of 06:15, 6 February 2019

San is a collective generic name given to the many tribes of aboriginal people of Southern Africa. With a distinct hunter-gatherer culture which stretches back over 20 000 years, and genetic origins that reach back over one million years, they are believed to be the oldest genetic stock of contemporary humanity.

This group was for a long time time denigratingly referred to as Bushmen in English (or Bosjesmannen in Dutch and Boesmans in Afrikaans), but was replaced by the name San, which came into use in the 1920s and 1930s and really gained prominence in the 1970’s, as a reaction to the perceived pejorative connotations that had become attached to the terms Boesman or Bushman.

However, by 2000 this was being disputed by many, and the term Bushman was being used again, also by some of the people themselves for a while.


San is sometimes combined with Khoi (referring to the Khoikhoi or Hottentot peoples) in the term Khoisan, which referring to all hunter-gatherers in the Southern African region.

See further the Sources listed below

Sources

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/San_people

http://www.sahistory.org.za/people-south-africa/san

http://www.san.org.za/history.php

Critical Arts, Volume 28, Issue 4, August 2014 (Special Issue: San representation, Part II)


Go to South African Theatre/Bibliography

Return to

Return to The South African Context/General Terminology and Thematic Entries

Return to South African Theatre/Terminology and Thematic Entries

Return to South African Film /Terminology and Thematic Entries

Return to South African Media/Terminology and Thematic Entries

Return to The ESAT Entries

Return to Main Page

Return to

Return to South African Theatre Terminology and Thematic Entries

Return to Main Page