Romeo and Juliet
- 1 History of the text
- 2 South African productions
- 3 Sources
- 4 Return to
History of the text
Believed to have been written between 1591 and 1595, the play was first published in a quarto version in 1597. This text was of poor quality, and later editions corrected it, bringing it more in line with Shakespeare's original.
Adaptations of the text
Romeo and Juliet has been adapted numerous times for stage, film, musical and opera (many versions of which have been done in South Africa over the years).
During the English Restoration, it was revived and heavily revised by William Davenant. David Garrick's 18th-century version also modified several scenes, removing material then considered indecent, and Georg Benda's operatic adaptation omitted much of the action and added a happy ending.
Performances in the 19th century, including Charlotte Cushman's, restored the original text, and focused on greater realism. John Gielgud's 1935 version kept very close to Shakespeare's text, and used Elizabethan costumes and staging to enhance the drama. In the 20th century the play has been adapted in versions as diverse as George Cukor's comparatively faithful 1936 production, Franco Zeffirelli's 1968 version, and Baz Luhrmann's 1996 MTV-inspired Romeo + Juliet. Other 20th century stage adaptations include Jean Anouilh's Roméo et Jeanette, Peter Verhelst's Romeo en Julia, Leonard Bernstein’s West Side Story, Joe Calarco's Shakespeare's R&J, *)
South African productions
An eternal favourite, this play has been performed in various guises in South Africa.
Performances of the standard text
First performed here in 18** by **.
Other major productions were by *, the Johannesburg REPS (1949. Directed by André van Gyseghem, starring Eugenie Heyns, Leon Gluckman, Muriel Alexander, and Herbert Kretzmer, with sets by Len Grosset and costumes by Louis Jacobson. Put on in the Pretoria Opera House and the Wits University Great Hall)
Directed for PACT Drama by Ilse van Hemert, 1992, starring Raymond Sargent, Peter Se-Puma, Joss Levine, Neville Thomas, David Germond, Soli Philander, Martin Le Maitre, David Clatworthy, Dale Cutts, Samson Khumalo, Saul Bamberger, Bruce Laing, Graham Bulllen, Jane Noble, Billy Second, Emma-Jane Mezher, Nomhle Nkonyeni, Ian Ferguson. Recorded during a performance in Johannesburg, it is avilable as a videorecording. (Skenia in association with Nedbank [distributor], c1992.--145 min).
Translations into South African languages
Translated into a number of South African languages, including:
South African performances of adaptations from abroad
For South African productions of the aqdaptations, go to the individual entries for the verious versions:
South African adaptations
Similarly, many local variations and adaptations have been done. Examples are **
1970's: In a theatre-in-education programme on Romeo and Juliet (done by PACT Playwork, director Peter Terry) used the text as a springboard to explore the notion of prejudice in South Africa and Northern Ireland, for debate by the audience.
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