Raffles is the name given to two (unrelated) fictional characters, as well as to a number of dramatized versions of the adventures of the famous "gentleman thief".
The fictional stories about "Raffles"
The original Raffles was inspired by the Sherlock Holmes stories and written by E. W. Hornung, brother-in-law of Arthur Conan Doyle and first appeared in the story "The Ides of March" (1898). Most of Hornung's Raffles stories were first published in magazines and were later published in four books (three short story collections) by E. W. Hornung. They are: The Amateur Cracksman (1899) The Black Mask (1901) and A Thief in the Night (1905). A novel called Mr. Justice Raffles was published in 1909.
An interesting South African connection in Hornung's "Raffles" saga is the story of his involvement as an enlisted soldier in the Anglo Boer War and his death in battle.
Clearly in imitation of the English stories, the German writers Kurt Matull and Theo Blakensee created a similar character called "John C. Raffles" or "Lord Lister" , also known as "Raffles", who first appeared in a German pulp magazine story entitled "Lord Lister, genannt Raffles, der Meisterdieb" ("Lord Lister, called Raffles, the Master Thief") in 1908.
Raffles also features in pastiches written by Barry Perowne, Peter Tremayne, Richard Foreman, and other authors.
Perhaps the most influential
The original text
Translations and adaptations
Performance history in South Africa
Go to ESAT Bibliography
Return to PLAYS I: Original SA plays
Return to PLAYS II: Foreign plays
Return to PLAYS III: Collections
Return to South African Festivals and Competitions
Return to The ESAT Entries
Return to Main Page