Difference between revisions of "Raffles"

Jump to navigation Jump to search
Line 19: Line 19:
"Raffles (Lord Lister)" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raffles_(Lord_Lister)  
"Raffles (Lord Lister)" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raffles_(Lord_Lister)  
"Arsène Lupin" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsène_Lupin

Revision as of 06:29, 11 July 2020

Raffles is the name given to two (unrelated) fictional characters, as well as to a number of dramatized versions of the adventures of the famous "gentleman thief".

The fictional stories about "Raffles"

The original Raffles was inspired by the Sherlock Holmes stories and written by E. W. Hornung, brother-in-law of Arthur Conan Doyle and first appeared in the story "The Ides of March" (1898). Most of Hornung's Raffles stories were first published in magazines and were later published in four books (three short story collections) by E. W. Hornung. They are: The Amateur Cracksman (1899) The Black Mask (1901) and A Thief in the Night (1905). A novel called Mr. Justice Raffles was published in 1909.

An interesting South African connection in Hornung's "Raffles" saga is the story of his involvement as an enlisted soldier in the Anglo Boer War and his death in battle.

Raffles also features in stories and pastiches written by Barry Perowne, Peter Tremayne, Richard Foreman, and other authors.

Clearly in imitation of the English stories, the German writers Kurt Matull and Theo Blakensee created a similar character called "John C. Raffles" or "Lord Lister" , also known as "Raffles"[1], who first appeared in a German pulp magazine story entitled "Lord Lister, genannt Raffles, der Meisterdieb" ("Lord Lister, called Raffles, the Master Thief") in 1908. These stories were particularly popular in Europe, Malaysia, Argentina, Brazil, Poland, Russia, Turkey and Indonesia.

The widely known French "gentleman thief" Arsène Lupin was first created by Maurice Leblanc in 1905, after the appearance of the first Raffles stories, and - like Horning's creation - was definitely influenced by the Sherlock Holmes stories, though most probably also by the "Raffles" series. While "Raffles" is better known in the English speaking world, Arsène Lupin is the better known in Europe and South America.

For more on the characters and the stories of the characters, see for example:

"A. J. Raffles (character)" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A._J._Raffles_(character),

"Raffles (Lord Lister)" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raffles_(Lord_Lister)

"Arsène Lupin" at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arsène_Lupin

The original text

Translations and adaptations

Performance history in South Africa

1906 Performed at the Opera House, Cape Town, by the Leonard Rayne company, with Charles Howitt.




D.C. Boonzaier, 1923. "My playgoing days – 30 years in the history of the Cape Town stage", in SA Review, 9 March and 24 August 1932. (Reprinted in Bosman 1980: pp. 374-439.)

F.C.L. Bosman. 1980. Drama en Toneel in Suid-Afrika, Deel II, 1856-1912. Pretoria: J.L. van Schaik: p.426

Go to ESAT Bibliography

Return to

Return to PLAYS I: Original SA plays

Return to PLAYS II: Foreign plays

Return to PLAYS III: Collections

Return to PLAYS IV: Pageants and public performances

Return to South African Festivals and Competitions

Return to The ESAT Entries

Return to Main Page