Les Deux Orphelines
The original text
A melodrama set during the French Revolution, it premiered in French on 20 January 1874 at the Théâtre de la Porte Saint-Martin in Paris. Published in Paris by Tresse and Eugène Fasquelle, Éditeurs, 11, rue de Grenelle, 11, 1875.
Translations and adaptations
Translated into English as The Two Orphans by J. Oxenford (John Oxenford, 1812-1877) was first produced at the Royal Olympic Theatre, London, (under Mr. Henry Neville's management) September 14, 1874 and published by Samuel French in the 1870s. It is styled "a drama, in eight tableaux, divided into six acts". This is probably the version used in South Africa by Disney Roebuck and The Wheelers.
Another English version, also translated as The Two Orphans, by N. Hart Jackson opened in the United States at A.M. Palmer's Union Square Theatre on December 21, 1874 and became a popular melodrama in the USA.
It appears the play may have also have been adapted under the title Motherless (circa 1910-15), by an unnamed author.
The play was also turned into many other works, including an 1877 novel written by the same authors, an 1878 Portuguese opera and was performed the Moscow Art Theatre in 1927 by Constantin Stanislavski as The Gérard Sisters (Les Soeurs Gérard). The play/novel was filmed at least four times during the silent film era, including a version by Georges Monca for Pathé (1909, released in the USA with the title, Motherless in 1910) and Orphans of the Storm by D.W. Griffith (1921).
Performance history in South Africa
1878: Performed as The Two Orphans (the six-act Oxenford version) in the Theatre Royal, Cape Town, by Disney Roebuck and company on 20, 23 and 31 May, and again on 20 June (this last performance accompanied by a performance by the local dance troupe "The Grotesques").
1887: The play was performed in English as Two Orphans and formed part of the repertoire of the Wheeler Theatre Company when they played in the Theatre Royal, Cape Town during April and May. Probably directed by Sutton Vane.
1914: A play called Motherless was performed at the Palladium Theatre in Johannesburg by the London Repertoire Co., with a cast including Hilda Attenboro. Though it is likely that this was a new English version of Les Deux Orphelines, it may also have been a version of Heinrich von Kleist's Der Findling (The Foundling or Motherless Waif in English).
New Zealand Herald, 16 October 1915
NZ Truth, 7 October 1916
Rand Daily Mail, 10 June 1919
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