Josephine, the Child of the Regiment, or The Fortune of War
Josephine, the Child of the Regiment, or The Fortune of War is a musical comedy, in two acts, by John Baldwin Buckstone (1802-1879)
The original text
An adaptation from La Fille du Regiment (La Figlia del Reggimento in the Italian version), an opera in two acts by Gaetano Donizetti (1797-1848), with a French libretto by Jules Henry Vernoy de Saint-Georges, Jean François Alfred Bayard. It was first performed in French on 11 February 1840 by the Paris Opéra-Comique at the Salle de la Bourse.
Buckstone is said to have based his work on the French version, but he may in fact have seen it in the English version at the Surrey Theatre, London, on 21 December, 1847. (The Italian version had been played at Her Majesty's Theatre, London, on 27 May, 1847). As Fitzball's English version of the storyline, called The Daughter of the Regiment, had already been performed in London in 1844, it is even possible that the rival play may have been Buckstone's initial source.
Buckstone's Josephine was apparently - and somewhat confusingly - at times called The Daughter of the Regiment by some companies. (For example the production of The Daughter of the Regiment, which was played on August 19, 1872, by the Rotunda Vaudeville Company in Liverpool, and the one in South Africa during the 1880s, are both ascribed to Buckstone).
Translations and adaptations
Performance history in South Africa
1860: Performed as The Child of the Regiment in the Cabinet Theatre, Cape Town, on 5 March by the company brought together by Charles Fraser, with Annie Rowlands as one of the cast. Also performed was The Initials () and A Pair of Pigeons ().
Leonard R.N. Ashley. 1983. "Buckstone, John Baldwin" in The Victorian Period: Excluding the Novel. Macmillan International Higher Education: pp.62-5
The London Illustrated News, 9 March 1844, p. 155
Facsimile version of the "Monthly Critic and Miscellany" (p.52) in The Court magazine and belle assemblée [afterw.] and monthly critic and the Lady's magazine and museum, (Volume 24), Google E-book
R.J. Broadbent. 1969. Annals of the Liverpool Stage, from the Earliest Period to the Present Time. B. Blom: p.295 
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