Carnival is a term broadly referring to a specific kind of public event and entertainment.
The event has its roots in a traditional Christian celebration which marks the beginning of Lent, the period of 40 days before Easter during which no meat is eaten. The word is thus derived from the Latin phrase carnem levare (to remove/set aside the meat), The term became in trun carnevale in Italian, carnival in English, carneval in Dutch, karnival in Afrikaans, karneval in some instances in German, etc.).
See also Karneval