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''[[Black-Eyed Susan, or All in the Downs]]'' is a comedy in three acts by Douglas Jerrold (1803–1857)[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Douglas_William_Jerrold].
#REDIRECT[[Black-Eyed Susan]]
Sometimes simply referred to as ''[[Black-Eyed Susan]]'', ''[[Black Eyed Susan]]'', ''[[Black-Ey'd Susan]]'' and so on.
''Not to be confused with '''''[[Black-Eyed Susan, or The Little Bill That Was Taken Up]]''''', Burnand's burlesque based on the Jerrold work.''
== The original text ==
Based on John Gay's well known ballad by that name, it has been described as "a nautical melodrama (with all its stock characters) that praises the patriotic British tar (sailor) while critiquing authoritarianism in the British Navy"[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black-Eyed_Susan], it was the playwright's Jerrold's first successful play, opening at the Surrey Theatre on 26 January 1829 and setting a new record of over 150 performances. It is a key play in the history of English melodrama, and became a stock play across the Empire, also in South Africa, till well into the 20th century.
==Translations and adaptations==
An American version, published  in 1856 by William V. Spencer, Boston, is apparently an adaptation, as it is called "A nautical and domestic drama, in '''two''' acts" (1856), based on the "carefully marked copy" of a performance in the Boston Theatre. 
'''''[[Black-Eyed Susan, or The Little Bill That Was Taken Up]]''''' is a [[burlesque]] of Jerrold's play by by F.C. Burnand  (1836–1917)[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/F._C._Burnand] and was first performed in London in 1866, published in 1867. It was brought to South Africa by Disney Roebuck, and it is not always certain from the sources, whether the play Bosman (1980) refers to a "shortened version" in one place and regularly lists for Roebuck between 1875 and 1877 as '''''[[Black Ey'd Susan]]''''' or '''''[[Black Eye'd Susan]]''''', always refers to the '''original''' play by Jerrold or the '''[[burlesque]]''' by Burnand.
''For this reason the South African performances by Roebuck are listed in both entries, below as well as in the entry on  Burnand's play'')
== Performance history in South Africa ==
1829: First performed in Cape Town by [[H. Booth]] and local amateurs on 10 November as an afterpiece to ''[[Pizarro, or The Death of Rolla]]'' (Sheridan), with Booth as "William".
1858: Performed (under the full title) by [[Sefton Parry]] and his company on 17 June in the [[Cape Town Theatre]]. Also performed was ''[[Buried Alive, or The Illustrious Stranger]]'' (Milligan and Kenney).
1861: Performed as ''[[Black-Ey'd Susan]]'' by [[Sefton Parry]] and his company on 19 September in the [[Theatre Royal]], with ''[[To Oblige Benson]]'' (Taylor).
1866: Performed as ''[[Black-Ey'd Susan]]'' by [[Le Roy and Duret Company]] on 28 June in the [[Theatre Royal]], with ''[[Charles the Second, or The Merry Monarch]]'' (Duval).
1874: Performed in the [[Mutual Hall]], Cape Town, by [[Disney Roebuck]]'s company (in a shortened version) on 28 February, with ''[[Our Wife]]'' (Morton).
1875: Performed in the [[Bijou Theatre]], Cape Town, by [[Disney Roebuck]]'s company  on 20 March, with ''[[Who Speaks First?]]'' (Dance).
1875: Performed in the [[Bijou Theatre]], Cape Town, by [[Disney Roebuck]]'s company  on 22 March, with ''[[A Happy Pair]]'' (Smith).
1876: Performed in the [[Athenaeum Theatre]], Cape Town, by [[Disney Roebuck]]'s company  on 23 June, with ''[[A Rough Diamond]]'' (Buckstone).
1877: Performed in the [[Theatre Royal]], Cape Town, by [[Disney Roebuck]]'s company  on 6 September, with ''[[The Wonderful Woman, or The Marquis and The Cobbler]]'' (Dance).
1877: Performed in the [[Theatre Royal]], Cape Town, by [[Disney Roebuck]]'s company  on 15 December, with ''[[The Man with the Iron Mask]]'' (Lucas).
== Sources ==
Facsimile of the 1856 Boston version, ''Internet Archive''[https://archive.org/details/blackeyedsusanor00jerr]
[[D.C. Boonzaier]]. 1923. "My playgoing days – 30 years in the history of the Cape Town stage",  in ''SA Review'', 9 March and 24 August 1923. (Reprinted in [[F.C.L. Bosman|Bosman]] 1980: pp. 374-439.)
[[F.C.L. Bosman]]. 1928. ''Drama en Toneel in Suid-Afrika'', Deel I: 1652-1855. Pretoria: [[J.H. de Bussy]]. [http://www.dbnl.org/tekst/bosm012dram01_01/]: pp. 209-10, 242, 406.
[[F.C.L. Bosman]]. 1980. ''Drama en Toneel in Suid-Afrika, Deel II, 1856-1916''. Pretoria: [[J.L. van Schaik]]: pp. 68, 70, 73, 94,99, 110, 134, 211, 214-5, 312-3, 322-3, 326, 329-331, 334, 336, 340, 349, 360, 364.
[[William Groom]]. 1899-1900. Drama in Cape Town. ''Cape Illustrated Magazine'', 10(4): 478-481, 517-520, 547-552, 580-584, 640-643, 670-672, 706-708.
Go to [[ESAT Bibliography]]
== Return to ==
Return to [[PLAYS I: Original SA plays]]
Return to [[PLAYS II: Foreign plays]]
Return to [[PLAYS III: Collections]]
Return to [[PLAYS IV: Pageants and public performances]]
Return to [[South_African_Festivals|South African Festivals and Competitions]]
Return to [[The ESAT Entries]]
Return to [[Main Page]]

Latest revision as of 07:34, 22 April 2018

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